Click Here to visit our Sponsor
The History of Computing The Magazine Have Fun there ! Buy books and goodies
      Search     Click here use the advanced search engine
Browse console museumBrowse pong museum








 

ZX Spectrum T-shirts!

see details
Ready prompt T-shirts!

see details
Atari joystick T-shirts!

see details
Spiral program T-shirts!

see details
Arcade cherry T-shirts!

see details
Battle Zone T-shirts!

see details
Vectrex ship T-shirts!

see details
Moon Lander T-shirts!

see details
Atari ST bombs T-shirts!

see details
Competition Pro Joystick T-shirts!

see details
Elite spaceship t-shirt T-shirts!

see details
C64 maze generator T-shirts!

see details
Pak Pak Monster T-shirts!

see details
BASIC code T-shirts!

see details
Vector ship T-shirts!

see details
Breakout T-shirts!

see details
Pixel adventure T-shirts!

see details
Shooting gallery T-shirts!

see details




  


Welcome to old-computers.com, the most popular website for old computers.
Have a trip down memory lane re-discovering your old computer, console or software you used to have.

There are actually 1246 systems in the museum.


SHOW ME A RANDOM SYSTEM !

   LATEST ADDITIONS
BANDAI Arcadia
The Bandai Arcadia, is the same system as the Emerson Arcadia 2001, but sold in Japan. Please see this entry for more detailed informations. The Arcadia 2001 clones includes : Advision Home Arcade (France), Bandai Arcadia (Japan), GiG Electronics Leonardo (Italy), Hanimex HMG-2650, Leisure-Dynamics Leisure-Vision, Intercord XL 2000 system, Eduscho / Tchibo Tele-Fever, etc... It...
BANDAI TV Jack 5000
The TV Jack 5000 from Bandai released in 1978 is one of the first cartridge based system from Japan. It's the equivalent of european and american systems like the Hanimex SD-050, Acetronic Color TV Game, Prinztronic Micro 5500, SHG Blackpoint, Binatone Cablestar, Radofin telesports, etc. There have been tons of systems like these. The TV Jack 5000, like all these systems, use cartridges based on General Instruments chipsets which offers different games on each chip. That's why all these sy...
OLIVETTI  A5
Olivetti introduced a mainframe about 1960 which was called ELEA, then in 1965 the Programma 101 - which was probably the world's first real desktop computer. Then a little later they introduced the Audiotronic range of "office computers". The first was the A770, which was replaced by the A7. The A5 was the desktop version. The Olivetti Audit 5 or A5 was largely an electro mechanical computer. It printed via a golf ball typewritter mechanism at the astonishing speed of 16 character per second...
TRIUMPH ADLER  TA-1600
The TA 1600 system was introduced in 1983 at the CeBIT (which was only a part of the "Hannover-Messe" by that time). TA showed a few sample applications and the 1600 family in general. Triumph Adler's hardware included also the 1600/20-3 which was supplied with a permanent-swap-HDD-unit. This unit had a memory/storage capacity of 2 x 8 MB (Winchester technology). Triumph Adler said the system (the 1600) will fit the demand of medium-sized businesses, due to the facts that these companies w...
MIDWICH Microcontroller
Called the Midwich Microcontroller, this British computer was developped to provide a small desktop micro capable of running other equipment throug a variety of interface cards. In 1979 an Italian IC manufacturer designed and began to sell a single board micro system that could be expanded to a full system with a VDU, discs, etc. Called the Nanocomputer, it was manufactured by SGS Ates and one of the distributors in the UK was Midwich. The Nano was somewhat expensive and suffered from a numbe...
RADIONIC Model R1001
This is an extremly rare TRS-80 Model 1 clone, based on an other clone: The Komtek 1 (from Germany). It's equiped with a Level II basic and powered by a Zilog Z80 cpu. _________ Contributors : Incog...
BASF 7100
The BASF 7000 systems are professional computers from Germany. They seem to be based on the Microterm II Intelligent Terminal by Digi-Log Systems, Inc. There were several models in the 7000 serie....
PERTEC PCC 2000
PCC 2000 is a professional computer released in 1978. It was designed in 1978 by Pertec, the company which merged with MITS by the end of 1976. The PCC is conceived as a monobloc machine, where the display and two 8" floppy disk drives are built-in the main case. The mechanical keyboard offers separated numeric and editing keypads. The system is powered by an Intel 8085 microprocessor and offers 64 KB RAM. The whole thing was apparently delivered with an extended Basic language, which has...
UNIVERSUM Multispiel 2006
Basic pong system based on the popular AY-3-8500 chipset from General Instruments....
TERTA TAP-34
TAP 34 is a self design of Terta company from Hungary. Primarily it was designed as a terminal for big computer systems but it was also able to process data alone. The main integrated circuits were assembled in the USSR and in Hungary by Tungsram, but several parts were imported from other countries. The built-in monitor was a DME-28 monochrome CRT made by Orion. This company was famous for its televisions in Hungary and the other KGST countries. The floppy drive attached to the compute...

   RANDOM SYSTEMS
PSION MC 200 / 400 / 600
In 1989 Psion expanded their range, previously based around variants of an 8-bit handheld computer called the Organiser, into full size laptops. The Organiser had proven to be very versatile within business, becoming the standard tool of British Telecom, Marks & Spencer and many other businesses, with barcode readers, interfaces for printers and measurement devices, and robust construction with solid-state storage. This reliance, and expertise, with solid-state storage led Psion to ...
SONY  Hit-Bit 20
The Hit-Bit 20 is a very basic MSX "1" computer. It looks very similar to the Hit-Bit 10. If someone could tell us the difference that would be nice. It seems to have been sold only in Spain... The Hit-Bit 20P model has a spanish keyboard, which is strange, as if we follow the Sony naming logic, the Spanish model would have been called Hit-Bit 20S, and not Hit-Bit 20P which was reserved for PAL models which didn't need a special...
XEROX  6085
The Xerox 6085 was the successor of the revolutionary Xerox Star, first commercial computer to use a graphical user interface (GUI) with the familiar desktop, icons and a mouse. The 6085 series was offered in models for network, remote (linked by Ethernet) and stand alone operation. The main unit was founded upon Xerox's Mesa 8 MHz processor which had 256 auxiliary registers and executed 48-bit-wide instructions. It also used an 80186 as an auxiliary processor. The basic system ca...
R.F.T. KC 85/3
The KC 85/3 was the successor of the KC 85/2. Improvements over the old system were more free RAM for programs (30 Kb instead of 18 Kb), a larger ROM (16 Kb over 4 Kb), which included the Basic interpreter (with the KC85/2, you had to load it from tape). Both CAOS and Basic interpreter also had some new commands, especially for graphics management but the Basic remains fully compatible with the 85/2 version. _____ Info provided by Stefan Goehler....
COMMODORE  Amiga 500 Plus
After the huge success of the Amiga 500, Commodore launched a new version of the machine called the Amiga 500 Plus. Some small changes were made to reduce costs and a few hardware changes were also made. It featured 1 MB of memory, the new ECS chipset and a new version of AmigaOS which wasn't 100% compatible with software written for older versions. While not officially introduced until 1992, the A500+ made a covert appearance late in 1991. Commodore apparently...
SANYO  PHC 3000
Nothing is known about the history of this computer which was probably sold only in Japan. It was one of the rare professional computer to use the 16-bit Texas Instruments TMS-9900 microprocessor, also used in the TI-99/4 home computer. A Basic interpreter and Assembler were available on diskette....
DIGITAL EQUIPMENT CORPORATION DECMATE II
The DECMATE II shared the same case, power supply unit and RX50 dual floppy drive as the Rainbow 100 and was sold as a desktop or tower stand system. Like DECMATE I and III, it was a member of the PDP-8 family based on the Harris 12-bit 6120, a single chip PDP-8 compatible microprocessor. The same year, DEC launched the Rainbow 100, a Z80/8088 based system to compete with CP/M and MS-DOS machines, as well as the PDP-11 Profess...
YENO MX-64
This is a classic MSX 1 computer. It was also sold under the Daewoo brand. It's one of the few Korean MSX computers... It has 64 KB RAM... Not much more to say !...
R2E  Micral 8030 series
Even though we know almost nothing about this Micral series, it was probably one of the first of the Micral 80xx series to be designed by R2E. Its hardware design was the same as the first Micral models, a bus card mounted along with several daughter boards. In the following models, i.e. the 8020 series, R2E had used a single board with expansion slots. The Micral 8030 and 8031 belonged to the same family. At least 4 versions of 8031 were launched, f...
PRINZTRONIC Videosport 600
In UK, Prinztronic was the market brand used by Dixons Group for their electronics. This system is original because of its large selector in the middle of the front panel. Small and easy to carry. It offers the classic 6 games of the General Instruments AY-3-8500 chipset, including two shooting games playable with an optional light gun. This system will be followed by the Videosport 800, which offers more games (8) and a colour display....

   LATEST COMMENTS
Sam
2/21/2020
SCIENCE FAIR Microcomputer Trainer
Sorry to double-post but... Duncan, that video of yours is certainly interesting! Kind of weird but I suppose instructive to have the user, some naive kid, have to wire up stuff like the display, that should be connected permanently.

Then again... there were only so many I/O pins available. Were there any experiments in the manual with connecting up to other circuits? Did it come with other components? Maybe a tie-in with the other Science Fair kits would''ve been good. So you could connect the computer to other circuits and have it do... stuff. Since it is a MCU trainer and that''s what they''re supposed to do. If you wanted to really learn programming you''d be better off with a BBC Micro or ZX Spectrum with an assembler and a decent book. "ZX Spectrum Machine Language For The Absolute Beginner" by William Tang was great. Started off explaining memory locations as cardboard boxes with numbers written on bits of paper in them. You know the drill! But pretty quickly moved to writing real programs and interfacing with the operating system.

This little box of tricks is a great curiosity but to be honest I think would have disappointed a lot of kids. For less money you could get a box that''d let you control relays and read switches from a computer in BASIC or machine code. The BBC and Commodore machines had built-in user ports for just that, the BBC even having an ADC!

You''d be able to get a lot more done, and learn more about the subject, like that. Of course you''d need the computer too but you''d want that anyway for the games!

Sam
2/21/2020
SCIENCE FAIR Microcomputer Trainer
Tor, I imagine the LEDs aren''t labelled in binary for two reasons. One is simplicity and user-friendliness. The other is that the TMS1000 didn''t expose it''s bus to the outside world. Only a few I/O ports, like an Arduino or other microcontroller, since it is a microcontroller.

Sounds like this thing ran a sort-of "emulator", interpreting a program written in a very terse binary format. Could a TMS1000 switch to running code from RAM? I don''t think it could since RAM is 4-bit and I think code was 8-bit. So that would leave storing the program in RAM and interpreting it.

It''s fair enough, it still gives an impression of machine code programming, and is probably less mind-bending than the TMS''s own ASM would be! 48 steps! Just enough for 1 or 2 loops to do a bit of beeping.

A user couldn''t program the TMS series. Instead your company, that was making an alarm clock or calculator or whatever, would write the program in a text editor on a minicomputer or mainframe. Stacks of cards are mentioned although hopefully that''s just as an abstraction!

Then your programmer and TI would work together to ensure it would work, and test it on a software emulator. Eventually, when it was ready, TI would make a mask and produce you a few prototype chips with your program in the ROM, real immutable ROM.

If that went well, it went on to production and off come your thousands of chips!

The chip was like many MCUs intended for calculators, etc, in that it had some support for LED or VFD displays built into the hardware. So you wouldn''t have to bit-bash as much as you might with a modern MCU. OTOH a modern MCU does very well at bit-bashing, with onboard timers, counters, and a high enough clock speed to be able to do all that.

I wonder about stuff like Astro Wars and the many other VFD home arcade games of the early ''80s. As well as the LED and LCD ones. But VFD mostly cos they were so interesting, and produced the best display for a game.

Were these 4-bit? Must''ve been hell to program! Or at least you''d need to be very methodical and keep everything organised on paper, doing actual coding in small blocks that fit to the plan. Or did they use 8-bit MCUs? Were PICs about then?

Some of the early LCD games I think would''ve worked as custom state machines. And there were dozens of cheap ones where the gameplay was identical, only the LCD was changed, from aliens to horses and cowboys.

The early Nintendo programmers, I think Gunpei Yokoi, RIP, talked about re-purposing calculator chips to produce Game And Watch. Each screen element was a unit that would otherwise have been a segment of a 7-segment number!

Anyway... interesting machine!

Mihai Dragan
2/19/2020
IPTVT (TRAIAN VUIA POLYTECHNICAL INSTITUTE) MicroTim
The technical sheet information is wrong in stating there is no graphics mode. MicroTim is a ZX Spectrum clone, so of course it has a graphics mode with the same specs as the Spectrum.

David Evershed
2/17/2020
RAIR MICROCOMPUTER Business Computer
At Rothmans cigarette company we sought to use RAIR computers to distribute our computer systems from a central mainframe to local operations in factories, warehouses and offices around the UK.

We took delivery of the first off the production line around 1981 and had only a few models for software development at first.

We found that the machines were not powerful enough to do the jobs we had planned for them and had to change from distributed micro computers from RAIR
to distributed midi computers from ICL and later IBM.

Glenf thomas
2/14/2020
HEWLETT PACKARD  HP-5036A


CONTACT US FOR ALL KINDS OF HACKING JOB @ glenfthomas@gmail.com TEXT ON (770) 824-6784 We offer professional hacking services.

Desi Villaescusa
2/14/2020
COMMODORE  VIC 20
Vic-20 was my first computer as well. There was no way we could afford a computer (except maybe a ZX81 kit) back then, but not long after the C64 came out, the Vic20 prices $ped and when my parents went out to get me one, the price had $ped again and I got the Vic20 AND a tape drive. Loved that computer. Gave me my start, and yes, I am in IT now. William Shatner was right! $-)

Rainer Kaufhold
2/11/2020
OLIVETTI  M10
Hello everybody,
rediscovered this Olivetti M10 in a dark drawer after many years. 4 batteries in, turned on ... he left immediately! Great, I''m happy!

https://photos.app.goo.gl/pAywNrTL4KhZ7G4E8


   RANDOM SOFTWARE TITLES
DOUBLE DRAGON V - THE SHADOW FALLS (21941)
Atari Jaguar compatible systems
Atari, Tradewest, Williams - 1995
 game - 2d - beat 'em up
ULTRA BARRIER HOCKEY
Atari Ultra Pong Double
Atari - 1977
 game - ball and paddle - hockey - sport
DAIMAN
Indata Dai
Dialog Informatique - 1983
 game - eat them all - maze - pac-man
SUPER PROFESSOR (20)
Epoch Super Cassette Vision
Epoch - 1985
 game - mathematics
ASTRO WARS (01)
Epoch Super Cassette Vision
Epoch - 1984
 game - shoot them up
WHITE MEN CAN'T JUMP (J9070E)
Atari Jaguar compatible systems
Atari (publisher), High Voltage Software (developer) - 1995
 game - basketball - sport
AWESOME GOLF (PA2049)
Atari Lynx
Atari (publisher), Hand Made Software (developer) - 1991
 game - golf - sport
TENNIS
Odyssey 100
Magnavox - 1975
 game - ball and paddle - sport - tennis
FREEWAY
RCA Studio II
RCA - 1977
 game - car - racing
HOCKEY
Magnavox Odyssey 400
Magnavox - 1976
 game - ball and paddle - hockey - sport
ELEVATOR ACTION (C-55)
Sega SG-1000 compatible systems
Sega, Taito - 1985
 game - platform
(VIDEOCART-25)

company unknown - 1979
 game -
GRAN TRAK 10
Arcade
Atari - 1974
 game - car - racing - top-down view
PINBALL JAM FEATURING POLICE FORCE AND ELVIRA AND THE PARTY MONSTERS (PA2055)
Atari Lynx
Atari, Midway, Williams - 1992
 game - pinball
LODE RUNNER (G-1031)
Sega SG-1000 compatible systems
Br°derbund Software, Sega - 1984
 game - platform

   RANDOM ADVERTS
French advert (1981)

TANDY RADIO SHACK
TRS 80 MODEL II

 
French advert #2

TRIUMPH ADLER
ALPHATRONIC PC

 
French advert (july ...

VIDEO TECHNOLOGY
LASER 200 / 210

 
U.S. advert (1978)

POLYMORPHIC
System 8813

 
Japanese ad

CASIO
FP 1000 / FP 1100

 
464 - 6128 periphera...

AMSTRAD
CPC 464

 
French ad (sept. 198...

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS
TI 99 / 4A

 
UK advert (feb. 1980...

SINCLAIR
MK 14

 
Diabolik, french adv...

YAMAHA
YIS-503 / Diabolik

 
Italian ad #2

SINCLAIR
ZX SPECTRUM

 
1977 advert

IMSAI
8080

 
Last sales

DRAGON DATA LTD
Dragon 64

 
UK advert, Oct 1983

ORIC
ORIC 1

 
New Zeland advert (1...

TANDY RADIO SHACK
TRS 80 MODEL II

 
Italian ad

COMMODORE
VIC 20

 
French advert #2

ACORN COMPUTER
BBC Model A / B / B+

 
US advert, Oct 1985

YAMAHA
CX5M Music Computer

 
Official flyer (rect...

MYARC
Geneve 9640

 
UK advert #2

GEMINI
GALAXY

 
Silex documentation

LEANORD
Silex

 
Brochure #2

BAINBRIDGE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, INC.
Dolphin

 
Advert #4

ATARI
800

 
M5 Pro & M5 Jr Japan...

SORD
M 5

 
German advert

MORROW DESIGNS
Micro Decision

 
Click here to go to the top of the page   
Contact us | members | about old-computers.com | donate old-systems | FAQ
OLD-COMPUTERS.COM is hosted by - NYI (New York Internet) -