I worked on these out of an MEC (Merlin Engineering
Centre) in Avonmouth Bristol. As stated they were based on the Logica
Kennet and followed on from BT Merlin purchasing (via ICL) an earlier
Logica computer sold as the M3300 which was just a word processor.
M4000s were sold as a part of large contracts. e.g.
As stated before they were sold into the Navy as part of the OASIS II
project, a stores application used on shore (HMS Raleigh had some for
training) and ships. It was interesting seeing on ships where these
got installed, into VERY tight spaces;
To the DSS for 3 jobs, (i) casepaper location as Chris
says, with a Siemens bubble jet printer, (ii) as a system to calculate
benefits with a large and heavy MannismanTally double head dot matrix
printer and I can't remember the 3rd! They were installed all across
the country in all DSS offices and I think were the first computers
to enter these offices in general use. We had a problem with interference
on the HDs and we had to have a retrofit program to fit aluminium shields
to the drives perhaps to stop the problems mentioned before about static.
I remember as I organised the teams across the country to do this;
As the theatre booking system as stated. It was installed
into the Bath Theatre Royal (I helped install and maintain it). The
RITA software was written either by or in conjunction with the Royal
Shakespeare Company. The software was advanced for its time;
And the Forestry Commission had some in their offices
across the country too.
John's right in his description of the insides. I had
a tool until recently that was used to pull out the memory boards. An
extending yellow hook, as the boards slid on runners under the mother
board, the first plugged into a daughter board behind the front of the
case and then into each other towards the back.
The asteroids game was very good as a means of testing
the system ;-)
Merlinword was based on the program that came in the
M3300. It was an advance on Wordstar that was around at the time as
it showed on screen underlining and characters as enboldened. In Wordstar
you just had the ^S or ^U characters either side of the words showing
John, I never saw these running MSDOS or Wordstar or
Lotus, are you sure that wasn't on the M5000 range?
The colour of the case in your picture, was the colour
of the Kennet case and looks like an early model where the badges were
I'm unaware that it was ever used in System X exchanges,
though in BT anything was possible!
It was sold into some BT offices, BT HQ had some but
it was mainly produced for external sales.
It was replaced by the M5000 range of rebadged Zenith
PC computers running MS/DOS.
BT Merlin M4000 (Logiva VTS-2400 "Kennet")
I worked for Logica VTS in Swindon between 1984
and 1986 (when VTS was closed) in the software development division.
At the time I joined the main product was the VTS-2200 (internally called
"Whirlwind") dedicated Word Processing system, based on the
Intel 8086 running custom software (Firmware, OS and WP application)
and with 1 or 2 40 track 5.25" floppy disks and monochrome text
only displays. These were also re-badged by ICL (as the DRS-8801), British
Telecom (as the M3300) and Nexos. They could be networked on a Cambridge
Ring and were also used internally as development workstations running
an Intel development system (8086 assembler and PL/M-86).
The next generation machine developed by VTS
was the VTS-2400 or "Kennet". The Kennet was also based on
the Intel 8086, but was designed as a more general purpose office computer
in the style of an IBM PC system unit. It could have various combinations
of storage devices, 1 or 2 80 track 5.25" floppy disks, 1 or 2
internal 10Mb Rodime Winchesters, an external 76Mb Fujitsu Winchester
and/or an external 150Mb Tandberg QIC tape unit. They were reasonably
modular, able to take additional cards for networking (Cambridge Ring
or ArcNet, IBM Sync. Comms cards), additional memory, multi-port serial
cards etc. It also had bitmapped graphics (initially monochrome, and
later, a colour prototype).
In addition to the Word Processing software,
MS-DOS and CCP/M-86 (later Concurrent DOS) were ported to the machine,
allowing general office applications to run on the system, and I seem
to remember a project that ported GEM (Digital Research's graphical
windowed system - an early competitor to Microsoft Windows).
However, the Kennet was NOT IBM PC compatible,
and so could not run the major business applications around at the time
as these were tied to the IBM PC hardware. There were limited sales
into specific projects, and the product was badged by BT (as the Merlin
M4000). After VTS closed, British Telecom funded an independent team
of software developers (Cognosys Limited) to port the Wordprocessing
Software to their next generation of IBM PC compatible machines (based
on Zenith hardware). This was to be called "Merlinword 5000",
but I'm not at all sure it ever saw the light of day as a commercial
product. Cognosys also developed a module for a document exchange system
called CrossPak to allow migration of documents in the VTS WP system
format to other PC compatible systems.
Ray Chester and Chris Timson are correct in mentioning
the DSS use of Kennets. I was the consultant who worked with the DSS
development team in Reading for 3 months (having been in the Logica
VTS team that ported MS-DOS and CDOS to the Kennet). And am slightly
embarrassed to admit that I also wrote the "Asteroids" game
mentioned (initially as a demonstration of the Kennet's bitmapped graphics).
Users of the VTS Wordprocessing system may also recall another (text
based) game called "Space", which was popular among the Logica
developers (and probably also escaped into the wild).