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- There are now 992 computers in the museum -

Olivetti introduced a mainframe about 1960 which was called ELEA, then in 1965 the Programma 101 - which was probably the world's first real desktop computer. Then a little later they introduced the Audiotronic range of "office computers". The first was the A770, which was replaced by the A7. The A5 was the desktop version. The Olivetti Audit 5 or A5 was largely an electro mechanical computer. It printed via a golf ball typewritter mechanism at the astonishing speed of 16 character per second...
The TA 1600 system was introduced in 1983 at the CeBIT (which was only a part of the "Hannover-Messe" by that time). TA showed a few sample applications and the 1600 family in general. Triumph Adler's hardware included also the 1600/20-3 which was supplied with a permanent-swap-HDD-unit. This unit had a memory/storage capacity of 2 x 8 MB (Winchester technology). Triumph Adler said the system (the 1600) will fit the demand of medium-sized businesses, due to the facts that these companies w...
MIDWICH Microcontroller
Called the Midwich Microcontroller, this British computer was developped to provide a small desktop micro capable of running other equipment throug a variety of interface cards. In 1979 an Italian IC manufacturer designed and began to sell a single board micro system that could be expanded to a full system with a VDU, discs, etc. Called the Nanocomputer, it was manufactured by SGS Ates and one of the distributors in the UK was Midwich. The Nano was somewhat expensive and suffered from a numbe...
RADIONIC Model R1001
This is an extremly rare TRS-80 Model 1 clone, based on an other clone: The Komtek 1 (from Germany). It's equiped with a Level II basic and powered by a Zilog Z80 cpu. _________ Contributors : Incog...
BASF 7100
The BASF 7000 systems are professional computers from Germany. They seem to be based on the Microterm II Intelligent Terminal by Digi-Log Systems, Inc. There were several models in the 7000 serie....
PCC 2000 is a professional computer released in 1978. It was designed in 1978 by Pertec, the company which merged with MITS by the end of 1976. The PCC is conceived as a monobloc machine, where the display and two 8" floppy disk drives are built-in the main case. The mechanical keyboard offers separated numeric and editing keypads. The system is powered by an Intel 8085 microprocessor and offers 64 KB RAM. The whole thing was apparently delivered with an extended Basic language, which has...
TAP 34 is a self design of Terta company from Hungary. Primarily it was designed as a terminal for big computer systems but it was also able to process data alone. The main integrated circuits were assembled in the USSR and in Hungary by Tungsram, but several parts were imported from other countries. The built-in monitor was a DME-28 monochrome CRT made by Orion. This company was famous for its televisions in Hungary and the other KGST countries. The floppy drive attached to the compute...
Based on the MCM 70 / 700 (see this entry for more info), the MCM 800 followed in 1976. It was faster, included 16 KB RAM (instead of 8 KB for the 700), and included the ability to drive an external monitor. Among other things, MCM 800s were used in one of the first french industrial network called Gixinet (along with ARCnet). This was a token-bus type network developped by the Gixi company....
The Imlac PDS-1 is a graphical minicomputer made by Imlac Corporation (founded in 1968) of Needham, Massachusetts. The PDS-1 debuted in 1970 and is considered to be the predecessor of all later graphical minicomputers and modern computer workstations. The PDS-1 had a built-in display list processor and 4096 16-bit words of core RAM. The PDS-1 used a vector display processor for displaying vector graphics as opposed to the raster graphics of modern computer displays. The PDS-1 was often used with...
COMMODORE  C64 Golden Jubilee
Between 1984 (in the U.S.) and 1986 (in Germany), Commodore International celebrated the 1,000,000 machines sold mark in these respective countries by issuing special "Gold" editions of the Commodore C64. These machines were regular C64 models, except they were Golden-colored and fixed on a commemorative plate. The following information comes from Death Adder : Until December 1986, 1,000,000 Commodore 64s were sold in Germany. On this occasion, Commodore Buromaschinen GmbH (...

ACORN COMPUTER  Archimedes A7000
This machine replaced the A4000/A5000 series and was a lower-cost alternative to the RISC PC. The styling was similar, featuring a very strong but lightweight ABS case with the floppy and CD drive in different places and without the clever stackable case design. Acorn made the A7000 a very neat system, reducing cost by using far fewer components on the motherboard. 4MB is built into the mainboard with a single 72-pin slot for...
The Apple IIc Plus unit was a direct response to the Laser 128EX/2. Apple retrofitted the IIc design to try to compete with Video Technology's high-speed Apple II clone. The retrofitting is evident in the design of the motherboard. The motherboard runs at 1Mhz, unlike the Laser 128EX/2. In order to run its programs faster, Apple used a 4Mhz 65C02 with 8k of high speed SRAM cache and licensed the accelerator design from Zip Tec...
The Commodore 64C was simply the original C-64 repackaged in in a beige C-128 style case. Internally, Commodore integrated most of the hardware onto a single VLSI chip. The new model did not differ much from its predecessor, the only innovation was the flatter case, which made the keyboard (which had off-white keys) more ergonomic (it looked like the C128 case), not as high as than the old one. But the new case did not only hav...
The ABC-24 and ABC-26 could run up to 8 programs simultaneously and couls manage 7 workstations under M/PM (according to the advertisement). they had a real-time clock and 96 graphic symbols built-in. There were several models : 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25 and 26, mostly differentiated by the storage capacities... The 2x Models were the successors of the ABC 10, which had a digital tape auxillary memo...
ATARI  130 ST - 260 ST
The Atari 130 ST (ST means sixteen/thirty-two :16 bit data bus & 32 bit address bus) was shown at the Winter Las Vegas Consumer Electronics Show in 1985. It was the great surprise of the show and was presented only six months after Jack Tramiel bought Atari, Inc. (He later named it Atari Corp). The ST series was rushed onto the market as Atari had originally contracted Amiga Corp. to manufacture a 16-Bit home computer, but legal issues caused the dissolution of that contract resulting in Comm...
The HP-75C was the first pocket computer ever produced by HP who wanted a pocket book format (10”x 5”) computer as powerful as a desktop. It can also be considered as the first organizer able to deal with a multiple alarms time schedule, to control real time peripherals and to memorize text files. Its 48KB ROM contained a very complete Basic language and a light version of the spreadsheet Visicalc. Three slots allowed adding pre-programmed ROM modules (Maths, finance, word processor…) ...
Microwriter was not really a computer, but a very original pocket word processing system, designed in 1980 by Endfield Cie in the USA and later manufactured in the UK. It used a keyboard with only 6 keys which made it possible to keyboard all the alphabet letters, numerals and punctuation marks. The typing method used the letters shape likeness and only one hand was necessary to type text. It only required a few hours to get used to keyboard and then typing speed could be very fast. The inter...
The Yamaha C1 was released in 1987 and is basically a 80286 processor based PC with 8 built in MIDI ports for use in applications where there are many MIDI instruments to address. By 1987 some machines which were capable of responding on multiple MIDI channels were appearing, and some earlier machines could only function in "omni" mode which meant that they needed a whole 16 channel port to themselves or they would play every time a note intended for another instrument was sent. Since ...
The MZ-80c is based on the MZ-80K, but offers some enhancements to match the professional market of that time. The price was improved too ;-) It was the first MZ-80 computer to be delivered assembled as opposed to first MZ-80k which were sold as kits. The RAM size is now of 48 KB. The keyboard which was so strange on the MZ-80K because of its matrix organisation, has now a more common layout with a large spacebar key. The numeric keypad is separated. Anothe...
ATARI  FX-1 Sparrow
In 1991, Atari planned to replace the old STe computers. They realized then the "Sparrow Card", which was a development card plugged into the 68000 slot of an Atari 1040 STe. The "Sparrow Card" had one of the main feature of the future FX-1 / Falcon 030 computers : it was a dual CPU board. It used a Motorola MC68030 and a Motorola DSP 56K. The "Sparrow Card" used a 16 MHz 68030, a 16 MHz 68882 (ar...

French advert (1980)


Arabic model

TO 7 / 70

Japanese advert. #3


German ad #4

MZ 700

Advert #1


1978 brochure #13


New Zealand advert

Altair 8800b

Japanese advert

Compo BS/80

Brochure extract


French advert (1984)

EXL 100

QL catalogue #6

QL (Quantum Leap)

German leaflet

MZ 80A - MZ 1200

Wonder Compute

VIC 20

french advert (jan. ...


Apple accessories


IIe version


French ad #2


M-Series brochure - ...

JD series

Japanese advert


French Advert


DAK advert (US, 1986...

Visual 1083 / Commuter

Advert #3 (1983)


U.S. advert #2 (1979...


commercial pamphlet ...



I have a pair of Pyuuta Mk IIs. As noted, the keyboard is not the same as the US Tutor''s. That is not the only difference, however. The Tutor has two ROMs: one for the OS (including GBASIC) and one for BASIC. Only the first ROM is present in the Mk II. There is a cartridge (BASIC1) that adds this ROM to the Mk II so that it ends up being just like a US Tutor, but it doesn''t come that way out of the box. There is also a printer interface for it that plugs into the expansion port at the back (this can connect to standard Centronics-style parallel printers using the included cable).

Chuck Rose
It''s not quite accurate to say that double sided drives was the only thing to change in the Model 4D. It would lead you to believe that the ''D'' stood for double sided. In fact the ''D'' stood for "Deskmate" which was a piece of software that worked as a pseudo GUI (keyboard controlled) and also contained some simple productivity software like a text editor, spreadsheet, database, terminal program, scheduler, and an ''email'' program that allowed you to send messages to any other deskmate user via modem.

These were very basic applications without any bells and whistles but was good if you didn''t want to deal with the command line or if you just needed basic productivity software.

Philipp Maier
Hi Folks. I have a P5020, I could find out that P5020 and P3000 are the same machines. I have my system for about 10 Years, but I do not have a bootdisk and I could not find any image on the Net so far.

I have equipment to process Teledisk images, it would be awesome if someone could help me out with a bootdisk image, but I would also be fine sending Floppydisks around the world $-)

Here is a Photo of my P5020 (P3000):$


I HAD a Tandy-1000. It was in perfect working condition but sadly, when I had to move from a house to an apartment (downsizing) two years ago, it simply could not fit. I had a choice $ keep the Commodore 64 (the computer I had as a kid) or the T1000 (one that was gifted to me 10 years ago from family friends). The case of the computer was damaged in a house fire years before but it otherwise worked perfectly. In the end, it was scrapped for parts. :( I kept those parts and used them when I was teaching at university as part of a class project to construct a computer. :) In a way... it lives on. I enjoyed writing this article years ago and still love to read it. :)

George Burch
WICAT  150
I came across WICAT when I was with Booze Alan. We had an Army contract to build educational kiosks for recruiting. The spec required a Basic compiler which didn''t exist then. The WMCS OS was robust enough that we met the spec. The WICAT laser disc could be programmed to add graphic overlays (sprites and stuff) which made a big hit with the recruiters.

George Burch
WICAT  150
I came across WICAT when I was with Booze Alan. We had an Army contract to build educational kiosks for recruiting. The spec required a Basic compiler which didn''t exist then. The WMCS OS was robust enough that we met the spec. The WICAT laser disc could be programmed to add graphic overlays (sprites and stuff) which made a big hit with the recruiters.

Kerry Davis
OTRONA Attache
I got myself a new-condition Attache with the padded case recently, on ebay. Works perfectly, but didn''t come with any software. Any suggestions or sources would be greatly appreciated. email I saw the previous posts by Charles Raisch but the site no longer exists, and it seems like he might have passed away since then.

I did some software development work that was intended to be used on the Otrona and Compaq portables, for utility company energy audits, in the 1980s.

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