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- There are now 992 computers in the museum -

Olivetti introduced a mainframe about 1960 which was called ELEA, then in 1965 the Programma 101 - which was probably the world's first real desktop computer. Then a little later they introduced the Audiotronic range of "office computers". The first was the A770, which was replaced by the A7. The A5 was the desktop version. The Olivetti Audit 5 or A5 was largely an electro mechanical computer. It printed via a golf ball typewritter mechanism at the astonishing speed of 16 character per second...
The TA 1600 system was introduced in 1983 at the CeBIT (which was only a part of the "Hannover-Messe" by that time). TA showed a few sample applications and the 1600 family in general. Triumph Adler's hardware included also the 1600/20-3 which was supplied with a permanent-swap-HDD-unit. This unit had a memory/storage capacity of 2 x 8 MB (Winchester technology). Triumph Adler said the system (the 1600) will fit the demand of medium-sized businesses, due to the facts that these companies w...
MIDWICH Microcontroller
Called the Midwich Microcontroller, this British computer was developped to provide a small desktop micro capable of running other equipment throug a variety of interface cards. In 1979 an Italian IC manufacturer designed and began to sell a single board micro system that could be expanded to a full system with a VDU, discs, etc. Called the Nanocomputer, it was manufactured by SGS Ates and one of the distributors in the UK was Midwich. The Nano was somewhat expensive and suffered from a numbe...
RADIONIC Model R1001
This is an extremly rare TRS-80 Model 1 clone, based on an other clone: The Komtek 1 (from Germany). It's equiped with a Level II basic and powered by a Zilog Z80 cpu. _________ Contributors : Incog...
BASF 7100
The BASF 7000 systems are professional computers from Germany. They seem to be based on the Microterm II Intelligent Terminal by Digi-Log Systems, Inc. There were several models in the 7000 serie....
PCC 2000 is a professional computer released in 1978. It was designed in 1978 by Pertec, the company which merged with MITS by the end of 1976. The PCC is conceived as a monobloc machine, where the display and two 8" floppy disk drives are built-in the main case. The mechanical keyboard offers separated numeric and editing keypads. The system is powered by an Intel 8085 microprocessor and offers 64 KB RAM. The whole thing was apparently delivered with an extended Basic language, which has...
TAP 34 is a self design of Terta company from Hungary. Primarily it was designed as a terminal for big computer systems but it was also able to process data alone. The main integrated circuits were assembled in the USSR and in Hungary by Tungsram, but several parts were imported from other countries. The built-in monitor was a DME-28 monochrome CRT made by Orion. This company was famous for its televisions in Hungary and the other KGST countries. The floppy drive attached to the compute...
Based on the MCM 70 / 700 (see this entry for more info), the MCM 800 followed in 1976. It was faster, included 16 KB RAM (instead of 8 KB for the 700), and included the ability to drive an external monitor. Among other things, MCM 800s were used in one of the first french industrial network called Gixinet (along with ARCnet). This was a token-bus type network developped by the Gixi company....
The Imlac PDS-1 is a graphical minicomputer made by Imlac Corporation (founded in 1968) of Needham, Massachusetts. The PDS-1 debuted in 1970 and is considered to be the predecessor of all later graphical minicomputers and modern computer workstations. The PDS-1 had a built-in display list processor and 4096 16-bit words of core RAM. The PDS-1 used a vector display processor for displaying vector graphics as opposed to the raster graphics of modern computer displays. The PDS-1 was often used with...
COMMODORE  C64 Golden Jubilee
Between 1984 (in the U.S.) and 1986 (in Germany), Commodore International celebrated the 1,000,000 machines sold mark in these respective countries by issuing special "Gold" editions of the Commodore C64. These machines were regular C64 models, except they were Golden-colored and fixed on a commemorative plate. The following information comes from Death Adder : Until December 1986, 1,000,000 Commodore 64s were sold in Germany. On this occasion, Commodore Buromaschinen GmbH (...

GRID GridCase
The GridCase was about the same size and featured the same robust magnesium case as Compass model, but Grid forwent the Compass's expensive and power-hungry electroluminescent display and bubble memory. The GridCase series was composed of 4 models. The GridCase I featured a bottom-of-the-range LCD display, the GridCase II had an enhanced LCD "that more than one person can read" Grid said, the GridCase III offered a high-contrast gas...
The Sorcerer II was the successor of the Sorcerer I (launched in 1978). The computer used programs on 16KB ROM packs encased in 8-track tape cartridges. It shipped with Microsoft MBASIC and a development tools assembler / editor ROM pack. A word processor ROM pack was also available. Exidy initially provided an expansion chassis that would accept up to 6 S-100 cards, and a Micropolis dual-disk quad-density 16-sector hard sector floppy disk drive was available. These disks would hold up...
This computer is what is the ZX-80 to the ZX-Spectrum, but for the Oric 1. Tangerine developped this computer before they became Oric and produced the Oric-1. It was mainly sold in kit, without the complete keyboard shown in the photo, but with a little hexadecimal keyboard. The unextended Microtan 65 couldn't use Basic (Basic65) due to its RAM limitation (1kb), so only machine-code was usable. Te 1kb ROM contained TANBUG, a monitor which allowed to enter ...
SHARP  PC-1401 PC-1402 PC-1421
The PC-1401 was the first of a series of pocket computers with a new concept. It combined the advantages of a BASIC programmable pocket computer and a scientific calculator. Nevertheless, it was much thinner than, for instance, the PC-1500, and well worth its price. Therefore, the PC-14xx series was very successful, especially among students. The PC-1401 was developed based on the PC-125x series, thus it possessed the sam...
Multi16 was Japanese first 16-bit personal computer. This machine is known as first Shift-JIS code machine. Shift-JIS code is Chineese character's code defined by Microsoft. It met great success and became Japanese standard. Multi-16 could be equipped with an optional hard disk unit. It was only 10 MBytes and costed over $4,000! Thanks to Nomura Hisayuki for this information ...
XEROX  860
This was not a really a computer but rather a wordprocessing system. The full-text monitor could display 70 lines of 102 characters. The text could be black on a white background, or the inverse. The Xerox 860 was equipped with one of the first WYSIWYG word processors: BravoX (later called "Xerox Document System Editor") which was originally developed for the 1972 Xerox Alto and became the predecessor of virtually all modern word processors Two 8" disks (600 kb) stored the...
This MSX system has only 8 KB and one cartridge slot, the minimum required by the MSX standard. It is the first MSX computer conceived by Casio and was marketed as an initiation machine. Thankfully an expansion unit (KB-7) was available and added two cartridge slots and more memory (8 + 8 = 16 KB) to the PV-7. There was a small drawing program in ROM. The chicklet keyboard is very poor and to small to do anything with it. There are big arrow keys on the right hand side of the keyboard arra...
IBM  PC Junior
After launching the IBM PC (and its great success), IBM tried to stand out a standard for home computers, it created then the PC junior, which itself is a "light" version of the PC especially designed for home activities. Despite its qualities, the PC jr had few success and never managed to replace the established home computers like Commodore 64, Apple II or Atari 800
In 1963, engineers at the Institut fŘr Maschinelle Rechentechnik (institute for machine computation technology) in Dresden, GDR (ex-Eastern Germany) finished the D4a. The D4a had been developed on the basis of the Kleinrechenautomat Dresden 1 (D1) from 1956. The system was then manufactured by the VEB BŘromaschinenwerk Zella-Mehlis in three versions, under the name Cellatron 8201, 8205, and 8295 Z. About 3000 exemplars were produced. The D4a is se...
SANYO  Wavy 35
This is a MSX 2+ computer. No great enhancements over the MSX 2, the MSX 2+ has 19268 colors instead of 512, some more graphic / KANJI resolutions and the FM-PAC cartridge is included, providing 9 channels of FM sound without drums or 6 channels FM sound with 5 FM drums. However, the Sanyo Wavy 35 lacked the Sound cartridge but featured the Rensha Turbo, which was a built-in auto-fire system. The repetition speed could be ad...

Advert (february 198...

Goupil 2

U.S. advert (1982) #...


French ad (jan. 1980...


8-page US advert #4

Portable III

User manual's cover

Intellec Series

French advert (1981)

ZX 81

French ad (feb. 1986...


Advert #3

Hotbit HB-8000

U.S. advert (1983)

QX 10

Advert #3

ZX 81

Advert (january 1982...

Goupil 2

ThinkJet advert


UK advert (feb. 1980...

System 1


JD series

First advert


US ad (July, 1983)

SV 318

French advert (1981)


French advert. (1983...

TO 7

French ad (jan. 1984...


US advert (1985?)

PC 8300

French advert (june ...

MO 5

Promotional picture

VIC 20

1978 brochure #5


Jupiter brochure #2

Jupiter Ace


I have a pair of Pyuuta Mk IIs. As noted, the keyboard is not the same as the US Tutor''s. That is not the only difference, however. The Tutor has two ROMs: one for the OS (including GBASIC) and one for BASIC. Only the first ROM is present in the Mk II. There is a cartridge (BASIC1) that adds this ROM to the Mk II so that it ends up being just like a US Tutor, but it doesn''t come that way out of the box. There is also a printer interface for it that plugs into the expansion port at the back (this can connect to standard Centronics-style parallel printers using the included cable).

Chuck Rose
It''s not quite accurate to say that double sided drives was the only thing to change in the Model 4D. It would lead you to believe that the ''D'' stood for double sided. In fact the ''D'' stood for "Deskmate" which was a piece of software that worked as a pseudo GUI (keyboard controlled) and also contained some simple productivity software like a text editor, spreadsheet, database, terminal program, scheduler, and an ''email'' program that allowed you to send messages to any other deskmate user via modem.

These were very basic applications without any bells and whistles but was good if you didn''t want to deal with the command line or if you just needed basic productivity software.

Philipp Maier
Hi Folks. I have a P5020, I could find out that P5020 and P3000 are the same machines. I have my system for about 10 Years, but I do not have a bootdisk and I could not find any image on the Net so far.

I have equipment to process Teledisk images, it would be awesome if someone could help me out with a bootdisk image, but I would also be fine sending Floppydisks around the world $-)

Here is a Photo of my P5020 (P3000):$


I HAD a Tandy-1000. It was in perfect working condition but sadly, when I had to move from a house to an apartment (downsizing) two years ago, it simply could not fit. I had a choice $ keep the Commodore 64 (the computer I had as a kid) or the T1000 (one that was gifted to me 10 years ago from family friends). The case of the computer was damaged in a house fire years before but it otherwise worked perfectly. In the end, it was scrapped for parts. :( I kept those parts and used them when I was teaching at university as part of a class project to construct a computer. :) In a way... it lives on. I enjoyed writing this article years ago and still love to read it. :)

George Burch
WICAT  150
I came across WICAT when I was with Booze Alan. We had an Army contract to build educational kiosks for recruiting. The spec required a Basic compiler which didn''t exist then. The WMCS OS was robust enough that we met the spec. The WICAT laser disc could be programmed to add graphic overlays (sprites and stuff) which made a big hit with the recruiters.

George Burch
WICAT  150
I came across WICAT when I was with Booze Alan. We had an Army contract to build educational kiosks for recruiting. The spec required a Basic compiler which didn''t exist then. The WMCS OS was robust enough that we met the spec. The WICAT laser disc could be programmed to add graphic overlays (sprites and stuff) which made a big hit with the recruiters.

Kerry Davis
OTRONA Attache
I got myself a new-condition Attache with the padded case recently, on ebay. Works perfectly, but didn''t come with any software. Any suggestions or sources would be greatly appreciated. email I saw the previous posts by Charles Raisch but the site no longer exists, and it seems like he might have passed away since then.

I did some software development work that was intended to be used on the Otrona and Compaq portables, for utility company energy audits, in the 1980s.

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