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- There are now 992 computers in the museum -

Olivetti introduced a mainframe about 1960 which was called ELEA, then in 1965 the Programma 101 - which was probably the world's first real desktop computer. Then a little later they introduced the Audiotronic range of "office computers". The first was the A770, which was replaced by the A7. The A5 was the desktop version. The Olivetti Audit 5 or A5 was largely an electro mechanical computer. It printed via a golf ball typewritter mechanism at the astonishing speed of 16 character per second...
The TA 1600 system was introduced in 1983 at the CeBIT (which was only a part of the "Hannover-Messe" by that time). TA showed a few sample applications and the 1600 family in general. Triumph Adler's hardware included also the 1600/20-3 which was supplied with a permanent-swap-HDD-unit. This unit had a memory/storage capacity of 2 x 8 MB (Winchester technology). Triumph Adler said the system (the 1600) will fit the demand of medium-sized businesses, due to the facts that these companies w...
MIDWICH Microcontroller
Called the Midwich Microcontroller, this British computer was developped to provide a small desktop micro capable of running other equipment throug a variety of interface cards. In 1979 an Italian IC manufacturer designed and began to sell a single board micro system that could be expanded to a full system with a VDU, discs, etc. Called the Nanocomputer, it was manufactured by SGS Ates and one of the distributors in the UK was Midwich. The Nano was somewhat expensive and suffered from a numbe...
RADIONIC Model R1001
This is an extremly rare TRS-80 Model 1 clone, based on an other clone: The Komtek 1 (from Germany). It's equiped with a Level II basic and powered by a Zilog Z80 cpu. _________ Contributors : Incog...
BASF 7100
The BASF 7000 systems are professional computers from Germany. They seem to be based on the Microterm II Intelligent Terminal by Digi-Log Systems, Inc. There were several models in the 7000 serie....
PCC 2000 is a professional computer released in 1978. It was designed in 1978 by Pertec, the company which merged with MITS by the end of 1976. The PCC is conceived as a monobloc machine, where the display and two 8" floppy disk drives are built-in the main case. The mechanical keyboard offers separated numeric and editing keypads. The system is powered by an Intel 8085 microprocessor and offers 64 KB RAM. The whole thing was apparently delivered with an extended Basic language, which has...
TAP 34 is a self design of Terta company from Hungary. Primarily it was designed as a terminal for big computer systems but it was also able to process data alone. The main integrated circuits were assembled in the USSR and in Hungary by Tungsram, but several parts were imported from other countries. The built-in monitor was a DME-28 monochrome CRT made by Orion. This company was famous for its televisions in Hungary and the other KGST countries. The floppy drive attached to the compute...
Based on the MCM 70 / 700 (see this entry for more info), the MCM 800 followed in 1976. It was faster, included 16 KB RAM (instead of 8 KB for the 700), and included the ability to drive an external monitor. Among other things, MCM 800s were used in one of the first french industrial network called Gixinet (along with ARCnet). This was a token-bus type network developped by the Gixi company....
The Imlac PDS-1 is a graphical minicomputer made by Imlac Corporation (founded in 1968) of Needham, Massachusetts. The PDS-1 debuted in 1970 and is considered to be the predecessor of all later graphical minicomputers and modern computer workstations. The PDS-1 had a built-in display list processor and 4096 16-bit words of core RAM. The PDS-1 used a vector display processor for displaying vector graphics as opposed to the raster graphics of modern computer displays. The PDS-1 was often used with...
COMMODORE  C64 Golden Jubilee
Between 1984 (in the U.S.) and 1986 (in Germany), Commodore International celebrated the 1,000,000 machines sold mark in these respective countries by issuing special "Gold" editions of the Commodore C64. These machines were regular C64 models, except they were Golden-colored and fixed on a commemorative plate. The following information comes from Death Adder : Until December 1986, 1,000,000 Commodore 64s were sold in Germany. On this occasion, Commodore Buromaschinen GmbH (...

This computer is the same as the Matsushita JR-200U. Two years in the making, the Panasonic JR-200 computer was officially announced in January of 1983, with additional launch dates provided for the computer and peripherals. The JR-200u received early and strong support from two software publishing companies; Data-Most and Walt Disney Telecommunications. Having the support of both of these companies, especially Data-Most, was crucial in Panasonic's strategy ...
IBM  PC - Model 5150
The computer which caused the death of CP/M computers. In the early part of 1980, IBM decided to create a microcomputer (up to this date, IBM produced only mini and mainframes). They didn't really know that they wanted and they didn't think for one second that producing microcomputer was a profitable business (who would have thought!)! After hesitation between the Intel 8086 (16 bit) and the Motorola MC68000, they decided to use the Intel 8088 (8 - 16 bit) processor, as the two other ones we...
AVAL  AVC 777 - J2
This transportable computer is the successor of the AVC-777. Like its small brother it has a 5'' built-in monitor and thermic printer mounted on the top of the case. This printer can print 40/80 characters / line in 400 dpi. There also was a desktop model (without built-in screen) named AVC-666....
IBM  RT (6150)
The IBM RT (or PC/RT or 6150 in Europe) was a 32-bit RISC machine. In fact 'RT' meant 'RISC Technology' where RISC itself was initials of Reduced Instruction Set Computers. This machine was IBM's first try into the single-user workstation world and was the ancestor of the RS/6000 range. The advantages of RISC technology were smaller processor chips, since they needed less on-chip storage for the instruction set, faster signal transfer between devices, and faster i...
The Apple Macintosh II was launched in 1987 at the same time as the Macintosh SE. It was considered "revolutionary" because, for the first time, the Macintosh was expandable thanks to its internal slots and had colours (the previous Macintoshes all had monochrome displays). The Mac II also marked Apple's entry into the realm of serious computing. It used a more classic keyboard (which looked like a PC keyboard) and proprietary RGB monitor (see 'Read more' sec...
After the modest but encouraging success of the MK-14 (initiation board with hexadecimal keyboard), Sinclair (at the time Sciences of Cambridge) decided to develop a slightly more advanced computer. The ZX-80 is regarded as a pioneer system in micro-computing as at the time the only available computers were kits for hobbyists like the MK-14 or more expensive systems intended for education or research such as the Tandy TRS-80 or the
The Rainbow 100 had a proprietary floppy drive format. Disks formatted for the Rainbow 100 could not be read or written to by other PC computers, even though materially they were the same type of 5'' disk. Chris Ryan reports: There were two versions : the model 100 and the model 100+. The 100 had 64 KB soldered RAM and the 100+ had 128KB with a socket expansion for an other option board. The system was triple boot (in BIOS, and could be set for...
SHARP  X1 Turbo
The Turbo serie was launched simultaneously with the X1 serie. The X1 Turbo has enhanced graphic features. It also has additional hardware compared to the X1 serie: DMAC, CTC and SIO as standard. CTC & SIO can be however implemented on X1 serie through additional FM sound board or Mouse/Rs-232C board. But DMAC can not. Turbo series has a special "KANJI" V-RAM, compared to X1 series which has only one way to display "KANJI" symbols, a heavy task for the Z80A...
The FM-NEW7 as its name suggests is the successor of the FM-7. It uses high-integration memory and gate array LSI to reduce price while maintaining FM-7 functionality. But on the paper, there is no real difference between the FM-NEW7 and the "old" FM-7. The system is powered by two Motorola 68B09 micro-processors. One is the main CPU and the other handles video and inputs/outputs. There is a (optional?) Kanji (Chinese characters) ROM offering: 453 JIS non-kanj...
The NMS-801 was one of the last MSX machine made by Philips. This economical computer was a true MSX machine. The official MSX logo was although replaced on the case by the "MSX Compatible" mark because the MSX standard required a cartridge slot, which the NMS-801 had not. The NMS-801 was only sold in Italy where it wasn't very successful because of its poor expansion capabilities. However, Philips used the same case, CPU and video chip to produce the NMS-3000 and 4000, two video terminals d...

UK advert (dec. 1979...


UK advert, Oct. 1983


French advert #1


First advert - Jan.1...

PC - Model 5150

T-1200 (Dec. 1987)

T 1200

Russian advert - pag...




French advert #4


french advert (jan. ...


French brochure back


Advert #1

VIC 20


TO 7

U.S. advert (1979)


Jacquard brochure #5...

J100 - J500

Japanese ad #1


U.S. advert (1976)


French (stupid) prom...


1980 range advert


Japan advert.


French advert


1978 brochure #9


UK advert, Oct 1983

Sage II

Prototype software

TO 7

QL catalogue #4

QL (Quantum Leap)


Owen Mooney
Finding this brings back memories! In 1984 I was designing a simulator for the ionosphere using a (then) high performance DSP processor. We were about to embark on the build of a user interface (using a custom microprocessor deign) when this came along. It did the UI brilliantly!, as well as computing some complex equations. I''m proud to say this must be one of the earliest SOA architectures around

Michael Otway
Being equipped with a Z80 CPU, these "128K" units could only access 64KB for programs and data. The other 64KB was set aside as a RAM drive. The RAM drive wasn''t all that useful though, because (unlike their 32 and 64K models) they used DRAM not SRAM, so the RAM drive data was gone once the computer was switched off.

Glen Crandall
"There were usually several hundred tube failures each day, replaced by workers racing up and down the tube racks with shopping carts full of replacements."

This statement is incorrect. Because of the automated testing conducted on a daily schedule actual failures were extremely rare.

The only time large numbers of tubes were replaced occurred happened after about four years of operation. At this time predicted failure rates of vacuum tubes rose to the point where all tubes were replaced. Usually about 100 to 200 tubes were replaced at a time during this phase.

I joined IBM in September 1957 and went to Kingston, NY for a 6 month training period. My permanent duty assignment was the DC at Gunter AFB, Montgomery, AL. I was there from April 1958 to November 1961.

In November 1961 I transferred to the software development site in Santa Monica, CA. I was there until about June 1966.

Stan Brown
BRITISH MICRO Mimi 802 / 803 / 804
I''ve actually got one but no discs, manuals or other bits. As far as I am aware the last time I connected it to a monitor it was working, about 3 years ago.

Noel Griffin
I developed My-Plan the 3D spreadsheet that ran on J100 and J500. Ah System II - happy memories, but not fond of DD01 error 8''s :) TypeRite was superb

Fernando Bautista
Perdón por no escribir en ingles pero yo poseo una computadora así mejor dicho solo cpu falta la pantalla, teclado y el ratón actualmente está acumulado polvo así que me interesaría venderla alguien sabe o me podría dar un precio aproximado de ¿cuanto podría valer?

Fernando Bautista
Perdón por no escribir en ingles pero yo poseo una computadora así mejor dicho solo cpu falta la pantalla, teclado y el ratón actualmente está acumulado polvo así que me interesaría venderla alguien sabe o me podría dar un precio aproximado de ¿cuanto podría valer?

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