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- There are now 992 computers in the museum -

Olivetti introduced a mainframe about 1960 which was called ELEA, then in 1965 the Programma 101 - which was probably the world's first real desktop computer. Then a little later they introduced the Audiotronic range of "office computers". The first was the A770, which was replaced by the A7. The A5 was the desktop version. The Olivetti Audit 5 or A5 was largely an electro mechanical computer. It printed via a golf ball typewritter mechanism at the astonishing speed of 16 character per second...
The TA 1600 system was introduced in 1983 at the CeBIT (which was only a part of the "Hannover-Messe" by that time). TA showed a few sample applications and the 1600 family in general. Triumph Adler's hardware included also the 1600/20-3 which was supplied with a permanent-swap-HDD-unit. This unit had a memory/storage capacity of 2 x 8 MB (Winchester technology). Triumph Adler said the system (the 1600) will fit the demand of medium-sized businesses, due to the facts that these companies w...
MIDWICH Microcontroller
Called the Midwich Microcontroller, this British computer was developped to provide a small desktop micro capable of running other equipment throug a variety of interface cards. In 1979 an Italian IC manufacturer designed and began to sell a single board micro system that could be expanded to a full system with a VDU, discs, etc. Called the Nanocomputer, it was manufactured by SGS Ates and one of the distributors in the UK was Midwich. The Nano was somewhat expensive and suffered from a numbe...
RADIONIC Model R1001
This is an extremly rare TRS-80 Model 1 clone, based on an other clone: The Komtek 1 (from Germany). It's equiped with a Level II basic and powered by a Zilog Z80 cpu. _________ Contributors : Incog...
BASF 7100
The BASF 7000 systems are professional computers from Germany. They seem to be based on the Microterm II Intelligent Terminal by Digi-Log Systems, Inc. There were several models in the 7000 serie....
PCC 2000 is a professional computer released in 1978. It was designed in 1978 by Pertec, the company which merged with MITS by the end of 1976. The PCC is conceived as a monobloc machine, where the display and two 8" floppy disk drives are built-in the main case. The mechanical keyboard offers separated numeric and editing keypads. The system is powered by an Intel 8085 microprocessor and offers 64 KB RAM. The whole thing was apparently delivered with an extended Basic language, which has...
TAP 34 is a self design of Terta company from Hungary. Primarily it was designed as a terminal for big computer systems but it was also able to process data alone. The main integrated circuits were assembled in the USSR and in Hungary by Tungsram, but several parts were imported from other countries. The built-in monitor was a DME-28 monochrome CRT made by Orion. This company was famous for its televisions in Hungary and the other KGST countries. The floppy drive attached to the compute...
Based on the MCM 70 / 700 (see this entry for more info), the MCM 800 followed in 1976. It was faster, included 16 KB RAM (instead of 8 KB for the 700), and included the ability to drive an external monitor. Among other things, MCM 800s were used in one of the first french industrial network called Gixinet (along with ARCnet). This was a token-bus type network developped by the Gixi company....
The Imlac PDS-1 is a graphical minicomputer made by Imlac Corporation (founded in 1968) of Needham, Massachusetts. The PDS-1 debuted in 1970 and is considered to be the predecessor of all later graphical minicomputers and modern computer workstations. The PDS-1 had a built-in display list processor and 4096 16-bit words of core RAM. The PDS-1 used a vector display processor for displaying vector graphics as opposed to the raster graphics of modern computer displays. The PDS-1 was often used with...
COMMODORE  C64 Golden Jubilee
Between 1984 (in the U.S.) and 1986 (in Germany), Commodore International celebrated the 1,000,000 machines sold mark in these respective countries by issuing special "Gold" editions of the Commodore C64. These machines were regular C64 models, except they were Golden-colored and fixed on a commemorative plate. The following information comes from Death Adder : Until December 1986, 1,000,000 Commodore 64s were sold in Germany. On this occasion, Commodore Buromaschinen GmbH (...

The Spica Ines was not really a true Spectrum clone. Spica actually started its business in Slovenia by manufacturing a pro-keyboard case for the Sinclair Spectrum. The user had to insert its Spectrum card into the case to obtain a near-professional system with a high-quality mechanical keyboard. Thanks to Bojan Pesek for information and pictures. ...
After buying the Franco-American CIE Friends Amis (Amis means Friends in French) and their hand held computer project, Matsushita manufactured the computer and sold it under Panasonic (RL-Hxx series) and Quasar (HK-2600TE) brand names. About 70.000 Panasonic systems were sold. The system was mainly conceived to run custom software developed by third companies. For this reason, it didn't included powerful built-in software or languages but featured an universal expansion port ab...
COMPAQ Portable
Announced November 1982, the unit was actually shipped in January of 1983 (300 of them). This was arguably the system that destroyed IBM's monopoly on the PC market and created the situation we see today. It WAS the first compatible system that was LEGALLY made, though Columbia first copied the IBM BIOS and later paid the fatal price. The system's BIOS was developed from scratch by using a team of 18 persons (only one guy was "dirty" and he was not allowed to do any part of the code and coul...
When NCR discontinued the Decision Mate V, they released the PC4. This was more or less a 8088 based IBM PC/XT clone. It came in six variations: monochrome or colour screen, one or two 5.25" DS-DD floppy disk drive or a half-height 10 MB hard disk in place of the second floppy drive. It did support the IBM ISA bus, but also had an NCR proprietary expansion bus for memory and some adapters to integrate with other NCR proprietary banking and retail products. ...
Thanks to Dennis Wingo, Vector former employee from engineering, for this information: Historically, the Vector 4 can be seen as a transitional system, especially for Vector in the quandary in 1982 concerning whether or not to compete directly with the IBM PC. The system shown below had a 6 Mhz Z-80 CPU and an 8088 "I think" also running at 6 Mhz so it would have been faster in processing than a standard 4.77 MHz IBM PC. The I/O for the system was the S-100 bus but with a reduced fu...
The BR1000Ms were Brazilian professional computers. The BR1000M's hardware was the same as Cromemco's, and the so-called BR1000 operating system was in fact Cromix, a UNIX flavor designed to run on Cromemco's hardware. Two models of the BR1000M were available: one with a Z80A processor at 4 MHz, capable of handling up to 4 dumb terminals, one of which was also used as the system console; and a "high end" model with a Z80B processor at 6 MHz, capable of handli...
RCA Cosmac Microtutor
The Microtutor, manufactured in 1976, was used to educate engineers and others on how to program microprocessors. The unit is fully self-contained with the exception of the 9-volt power converter which plugs into the back of the unit. A clear plexiglass bottom allows the user to see all of the soldering done on the underside of the main board. The chips are all labelled both on the chip and on the board itself. There are three slots in the back labelled M,P,E. The M slot (M for Memory) allows...
This machine was the first Macintosh clone in the whole world. In Brazil it is almost unknown and there are people who doubt its existence, but it really did exist! This computer almost started a commercial war between Brazil and the United States. Apple persuaded the U.S. government to use everything it could against the Brazilian clone makers (increases in import taxes for brazilian products such as orange juice, shoes, etc.) until this machine was no longer made. Brazil had a tr...
Amstrad bought the rights to use the Sinclair name on computer products. However, while Sir Clive Sinclair (the creator of the ZX 80, ZX 81, ZX Spectrum and QL) retained ownership of Sinclair Research, he couldn't use the Sinclair name. Sir Sinclair therefore created a new company called Cambridge Research, with the intention of realizing an old project, the Pandora...
SHARP  X68000 XVI Compact
The X68000 Pro is the successor of the X68000 XVI. It runs under a version of the Operating system and its GUI. The other new feature is a double 3''1/2 disk-drives instead of the classic 5''1/4 for the x68000 serie....

Bridge Computer vers...


French advert (1980)


Japanese ad

TK 80

french advert (febru...

M23 Mark III

Advert (1980)

AIM 65

German ad #2

MZ 700

French advert (sept....

ZX 81


Nimbus PC

UK advert, Oct. 1983

Kaypro II

Promotional pict. #1

Imagination Machine



Japanese advert. #3


US advert

SMC 70

German advert

Micro Decision

1978 brochure #20


French advert


French advert (1984)


French ad (jan. 1980...


UK advert

ZX 80

US advert, July 1985

FP 6000

Mail order

TO 7

Proud father

TO 7

German advert

BIT 90

U.S. ad (1982)

Serie 5


Bill Schmidt
I bought a Televideo 803 towards the end of 1983 and used it for word processing until about 1989. It ran Wordstar. Incredibly, both the CP/M operating system AND the Wordstar software were on a single 5-1/4 floppy, with my work being saved on the second floppy. The machine was completely nsilent with no fan $ having a cooling tower design. You could invert the screen, which was my preference, so the typing was in black and the background was green. I connected it to a dot-matrix printer using continuous feed paper with the holes along the edges. You could tear off the edges that had the holes and turn in perfect paper. As a freelance writer, found my productivity effectively doubled with this computer as I could work right up to the point of printing. No need to retype. My next computer was a Mac SE, bought used for $2500, which was the same price I paid for the Televideo. Weren''t those the days??

I''m trying to repair a C1 that starts up with the external display LED always on. No disk seeking or anything, and the dip switch for display on the back does nothing. The screen does not light up.

I did a dump of the BIOS EPROMs from the machine and it looks like they''re corrupt, a sign of "bitrot." The letter P for Pheonix is corrupted in the dump, and I looked at dumps of another Phoenix BIOS and it looked proper.

I''m looking for someone with a working machine to run a dos utility to dump the BIOS. There is a 3rd EPROM in the machines, not sure what it does $ but the BIOS dump utilities will not be able to dump it. I am going to re-read my EPROMs to make sure it wasn''t a bad read. I''m interested in how other people''s units are failing, and I think it would be a good thing to get the EPROMs from a working unit saved off.

I have a good amount of documentation and original disks, I will put them all online. I''m putting all my notes with regards to repair online as well.

TANDY RADIO SHACK  Color Computer 3
the Tandy was my very first computer. I spent hours of fun on it. back when you had to turn the little switch from TV to computer on channel 3 back then. I wish Ii held onto it now, it''sd be fun to mess around again on it. thanks for the fun., Jack

Mike Kaltenhauser
I used mine all the way up to 1989, I used to surf the web, I mean BBS by dial up back then. Played dungeons and dragons, and Chess written in Turbo Pascal.

Tim Blakey
My oldest brother sold computers in the university bookstore at UOP in the early 1980''s. As an undergraduate, he spent much time teaching university professors how to set up and use their computers. He came into possession of a Sanyo MBC1000 through this connection, and gifted the computer to me in 1986 when he upgraded to a better system.

I loved this machine, my first computer, and it seemed quite magical to me. Even though the Macintosh had been out for two years, I didn''t have one. So to me, my giant MBC1000 felt like a piece of science fiction made real, with its softly glowing green screen and the intermittent crackle-hum of the floppy drives. It was also extremely practical.

It not only had the built-in 5.25" floppy, but it also came to me complete with a daisy-chained external 5.25" drive, a sprocket-fed dot matrix printer, a box of white continuous paper and a stack of floppies.

From that point forward I wrote every school report in WordStar, printed in low-res dots on perforated paper. I no longer had to re-type pages every time I made an edit. In fact, I don''t think I ever used my typewriter again.

But best of all were a collection of three floppies titled ZORK, ZORK II and ZORK III. These games were an instant hit with me, an AD$D geek, and fan of Choose Your Own Adventure books. I learned a lot about how to design games from playing these repeatedly, and guessing at the game''s vocabulary.

I was an art student, and intimidated by the prospect of learning SBASIC. Little did I know that computers would later completely take over the commercial art and design world.

The machine was so large it was like having another roommate. I remember lugging the hulking block of metal and glass from apartment-to-apartment for years. At first it wouldn''t even fit on my small writing desk, so It lived on the floor, and I would spend hours laying on the carpet in front of it playing those games or typing. Sometimes it would occupy my drafting table for serious report-writing, and I eventually built a custom desk that held all of the components on perfectly-sized shelves.

For some reason, I still have the main shelf thirty years later. But sadly, the computer is long-since gone, replaced by a used Macintosh IIcx in 1990. The dot-matrix printer developed a clogged row, and stopped printing descenders. So for a while I had to manually draw every descender with a pencil.

I still have the IIcx, and nearly every computer and laptop I''ve owned since then, but the one computer I miss the most was my mechanical roommate.

That was the first and only one at our secondary school in France in the 80s. We (2 of us) could program basic games and a calculator of distance Earth/Sun on that machine!
The tape recorder was a life saver. I guess that was the machine that gave me the thirst to learn more about PCs.
That was a great machine.

Got one for my 9th birthday, love the look of the black/silver but just for nostalgic purposes I want to get a the beige because that is what I had.
I also remember well using a random cassette recorder for saving basic programs. I have very fond memories of these books I use to order from the monthly scholastic brochure thing, they were called "Micro-Adventure" and it was like sliced-bread to me at 9. You went through the fiction Sci-Fi type stories but at the part where the team was looking at a bomb you would type in a program that would have a countdown timer or something like that. LOVED it.
My favorite game was "MicroSurgeon" by far. A really impressive game actually for that small system, it had three windows on-scree showing verious things. One was the inside of the person you were working on, another was the hospital room and another had the heartbeat and vitals monitor. Really great stuff.

P.S. Speaking of Schoolastic does anybody else remember a magazine you could get through them called "K-Power"? I''ve never seen one since but they were full sized fun 8 bit mags. Wish I could look through one now.

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