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- There are now 992 computers in the museum -




   LATEST ADDITIONS
OLIVETTI  A5
Olivetti introduced a mainframe about 1960 which was called ELEA, then in 1965 the Programma 101 - which was probably the world's first real desktop computer. Then a little later they introduced the Audiotronic range of "office computers". The first was the A770, which was replaced by the A7. The A5 was the desktop version. The Olivetti Audit 5 or A5 was largely an electro mechanical computer. It printed via a golf ball typewritter mechanism at the astonishing speed of 16 character per second...
TRIUMPH ADLER  TA-1600
The TA 1600 system was introduced in 1983 at the CeBIT (which was only a part of the "Hannover-Messe" by that time). TA showed a few sample applications and the 1600 family in general. Triumph Adler's hardware included also the 1600/20-3 which was supplied with a permanent-swap-HDD-unit. This unit had a memory/storage capacity of 2 x 8 MB (Winchester technology). Triumph Adler said the system (the 1600) will fit the demand of medium-sized businesses, due to the facts that these companies w...
MIDWICH Microcontroller
Called the Midwich Microcontroller, this British computer was developped to provide a small desktop micro capable of running other equipment throug a variety of interface cards. In 1979 an Italian IC manufacturer designed and began to sell a single board micro system that could be expanded to a full system with a VDU, discs, etc. Called the Nanocomputer, it was manufactured by SGS Ates and one of the distributors in the UK was Midwich. The Nano was somewhat expensive and suffered from a numbe...
RADIONIC Model R1001
This is an extremly rare TRS-80 Model 1 clone, based on an other clone: The Komtek 1 (from Germany). It's equiped with a Level II basic and powered by a Zilog Z80 cpu. _________ Contributors : Incog...
BASF 7100
The BASF 7000 systems are professional computers from Germany. They seem to be based on the Microterm II Intelligent Terminal by Digi-Log Systems, Inc. There were several models in the 7000 serie....
PERTEC PCC 2000
PCC 2000 is a professional computer released in 1978. It was designed in 1978 by Pertec, the company which merged with MITS by the end of 1976. The PCC is conceived as a monobloc machine, where the display and two 8" floppy disk drives are built-in the main case. The mechanical keyboard offers separated numeric and editing keypads. The system is powered by an Intel 8085 microprocessor and offers 64 KB RAM. The whole thing was apparently delivered with an extended Basic language, which has...
TERTA TAP-34
TAP 34 is a self design of Terta company from Hungary. Primarily it was designed as a terminal for big computer systems but it was also able to process data alone. The main integrated circuits were assembled in the USSR and in Hungary by Tungsram, but several parts were imported from other countries. The built-in monitor was a DME-28 monochrome CRT made by Orion. This company was famous for its televisions in Hungary and the other KGST countries. The floppy drive attached to the compute...
MCM COMPUTERS  MCM 800
Based on the MCM 70 / 700 (see this entry for more info), the MCM 800 followed in 1976. It was faster, included 16 KB RAM (instead of 8 KB for the 700), and included the ability to drive an external monitor. Among other things, MCM 800s were used in one of the first french industrial network called Gixinet (along with ARCnet). This was a token-bus type network developped by the Gixi company....
IMLAC PDS-1
The Imlac PDS-1 is a graphical minicomputer made by Imlac Corporation (founded in 1968) of Needham, Massachusetts. The PDS-1 debuted in 1970 and is considered to be the predecessor of all later graphical minicomputers and modern computer workstations. The PDS-1 had a built-in display list processor and 4096 16-bit words of core RAM. The PDS-1 used a vector display processor for displaying vector graphics as opposed to the raster graphics of modern computer displays. The PDS-1 was often used with...
COMMODORE  C64 Golden Jubilee
Between 1984 (in the U.S.) and 1986 (in Germany), Commodore International celebrated the 1,000,000 machines sold mark in these respective countries by issuing special "Gold" editions of the Commodore C64. These machines were regular C64 models, except they were Golden-colored and fixed on a commemorative plate. The following information comes from Death Adder : Until December 1986, 1,000,000 Commodore 64s were sold in Germany. On this occasion, Commodore Buromaschinen GmbH (...

   RANDOM SYSTEMS
R.F.T. KC 85/3
The KC 85/3 was the successor of the KC 85/2. Improvements over the old system were more free RAM for programs (30 Kb instead of 18 Kb), a larger ROM (16 Kb over 4 Kb), which included the Basic interpreter (with the KC85/2, you had to load it from tape). Both CAOS and Basic interpreter also had some new commands, especially for graphics management but the Basic remains fully compatible with the 85/2 version. _____ Info provided by Stefan Goehler....
COMMODORE  Amiga 1200
In October 1992 the Amiga 1200 was launched. This machine took the A500 approach to computing with the "distinct" Commodore case, but including the AGA chipset present in the A4000, 2 MB RAM, and the PCMCIA slot from the A600. At the price of ú399 it sold like hot cakes and is seen as one of the best Amigas to date. It appears to have been rushed to launch for the Christmas period with manuals claiming to give you the opportunity to upgrade from 1mb to 2mb chip ram with FPU. It is, however, ...
MGT (MILES GORDON TECHNOLOGY) Sam CoupÚ
In the last quarter of 1989 M.G.T. launched the Sam CoupÚ. M.G.T. was already known in the ZX Spectrum world for a range of hardware that they sold. The Sam was their pride and joy, and unfortunately to be their downfall. This was a time when the 16-bit machines, the Atari ST and the Amiga, were really being to take off. Sales in computers such as the Spectrum was in rapid decline. The Sam was aim...
SHARP  X1-CK (CZ-804C)
The X1ck, as well as the X1cs, are derived from the X1c. They are low price models. The difference between X1c and X1ck, is that the X1ck has a "KANJI" ROM (Chinese characters, character matrix 16x16 pixels) as standard. Tape Basic and Disk Basic were available but had to be loaded from tape....
TANDY RADIO SHACK  1000 EX
The Tandy 1000 EX is a member of the Tandy 1000 series family. See this entry for more info. The Tandy 1000 EX was designed as an entry-level IBM compatible personal computer designed as a starter system and sold for $1000.00 US by December 1986. The EX was compact with the keyboard and 5.25" drive built into the computer casing; the 5.25" drive accessible from the right hand side of the computer. Officiel 1988 Tandy catalog reads: ...
IMLAC PDS-1
The Imlac PDS-1 is a graphical minicomputer made by Imlac Corporation (founded in 1968) of Needham, Massachusetts. The PDS-1 debuted in 1970 and is considered to be the predecessor of all later graphical minicomputers and modern computer workstations. The PDS-1 had a built-in display list processor and 4096 16-bit words of core RAM. The PDS-1 used a vector display processor for displaying vector graphics as opposed to the raster graphics of modern computer displays. The PDS-1 was often used with...
TANDY RADIO SHACK  Color Computer 3
The "TANDY Color Computer 3" followed the Color Computer 2. The CoCo3 came with 128K RAM, an analog RGB video port, enhanced 640x192 graphics capability, a 64-color palette and much more. (All ports contained on the CoCo 1 and 2 models were also available on the CoCo3, e.g. RS-232 serial, cassette, right and left joystick and a 40-pin expansion slot.) The built-in Language, named Disk Extended Color Basic 2.1, was a Microsoft BASIC with enhancements by Mic...
MATRA MAX 20
The MAX-20 (for Matra AX-20) was the same machine as the Axel 20. The main difference between them was the removal of the function keys in front of the monitor. The 'E' version probably meant 'Education' Although the machine was well conceived and the case offered a nice design, it had no success in the private sector because of its poor compatibility with the IBM-PC standard. However, about 1000 systems were sold to the French Department of Education as netwo...
TANDY RADIO SHACK  TRS-80 Model 100 / 102
The Tandy 100 was actually a computer made in Japan by Kyocera. All the ROM programs were written by Microsoft, and even a few of them were written by Bill Gates (!) himself ! These programs include a text editor, a telecommunication program, which uses the built-in modem (300 baud), and a rather good version of BASIC (no big surprise there). Kyocera made this computer for three main companies: Tandy, Olivetti (Olivetti M10) and NEC (PC 8201), these computers are the same except the case and ...
COMPUCOLOR CORPORATION 8001 / 8051
The Compucolor 1 was the first world integrated system which included a graphic colour display. It came with a flicker-free 75 Hz band width monitor and an external floppy tape drive using continuous loop 8 tracks tape cartridges, the same that the ones used in the radio systems of the time, with 1 MB storage capacity and a transfer 'speed' of 600 char./second. The system could be expanded with additional ROM and RAM. Programs were written with the integrated ROM Basic language which used only o...

   RANDOM ADVERTS
Brochure cover

SHARP
PC-5000

 
French advert (april...

THOMSON
TO 9

 
Advert (february 198...

SMT
Goupil 2

 
Sil'z III

LEANORD
SIL'Z Model 5 / 6

 
First UK advert, Oct...

MEMOTECH
MTX 500 /512

 
US advert, Aug. 1983

OSBORNE CORP.
Executive

 
1978 brochure #16

MSI
6800

 
French advert #2

ITT
3030

 
German brochure #1

ATARI
TT 030

 
QL catalogue #2

SINCLAIR
QL (Quantum Leap)

 
Advert

TANDY RADIO SHACK
TRS 80 MODEL 16

 
Isaac Asimov #1

TANDY RADIO SHACK
Color Computer

 
Sord brochure #1

SORD
M-100ACE

 
French ad (june 1986...

TRIUMPH ADLER
ALPHATRONIC PC

 
Japanese Ad

SHARP
MZ 800 - MZ 1500

 
Japanese advertiseme...

HITACHI
H1 / H1E

 
QL catalogue #7

SINCLAIR
QL (Quantum Leap)

 
French Advert

OLIVETTI
M10

 
Computer Notes

MITS
ALTAIR 8800

 
Advert #1

COMMODORE
VIC 20

 
Spanish advert

SONY
Hit-Bit 101

 
UK advert (dec. 1979...

COMPUKIT
UK-101

 
Promotional picture

PERTEC
PCC 2000

 
French advert #1

ACORN COMPUTER
BBC Model A / B / B+

 

   LATEST COMMENTS
Owen Mooney
11/29/2015
EPSON  HC / HX-20
Finding this brings back memories! In 1984 I was designing a simulator for the ionosphere using a (then) high performance DSP processor. We were about to embark on the build of a user interface (using a custom microprocessor deign) when this came along. It did the UI brilliantly!, as well as computing some complex equations. I''m proud to say this must be one of the earliest SOA architectures around

Michael Otway
11/29/2015
APPLIED TECHNOLOGIES  Microbee 128
Being equipped with a Z80 CPU, these "128K" units could only access 64KB for programs and data. The other 64KB was set aside as a RAM drive. The RAM drive wasn''t all that useful though, because (unlike their 32 and 64K models) they used DRAM not SRAM, so the RAM drive data was gone once the computer was switched off.

Glen Crandall
11/28/2015
IBM  AN/FSQ-7
"There were usually several hundred tube failures each day, replaced by workers racing up and down the tube racks with shopping carts full of replacements."

This statement is incorrect. Because of the automated testing conducted on a daily schedule actual failures were extremely rare.

The only time large numbers of tubes were replaced occurred happened after about four years of operation. At this time predicted failure rates of vacuum tubes rose to the point where all tubes were replaced. Usually about 100 to 200 tubes were replaced at a time during this phase.

I joined IBM in September 1957 and went to Kingston, NY for a 6 month training period. My permanent duty assignment was the DC at Gunter AFB, Montgomery, AL. I was there from April 1958 to November 1961.

In November 1961 I transferred to the software development site in Santa Monica, CA. I was there until about June 1966.

Stan Brown
11/27/2015
BRITISH MICRO Mimi 802 / 803 / 804
I''ve actually got one but no discs, manuals or other bits. As far as I am aware the last time I connected it to a monitor it was working, about 3 years ago.

Noel Griffin
11/23/2015
AM INTERNATIONAL JACQUARD SYSTEMS J100 - J500
I developed My-Plan the 3D spreadsheet that ran on J100 and J500. Ah System II - happy memories, but not fond of DD01 error 8''s :) TypeRite was superb

Fernando Bautista
11/20/2015
ATARI  PC
Perdón por no escribir en ingles pero yo poseo una computadora así mejor dicho solo cpu falta la pantalla, teclado y el ratón actualmente está acumulado polvo así que me interesaría venderla alguien sabe o me podría dar un precio aproximado de ¿cuanto podría valer?

Fernando Bautista
11/20/2015
ATARI  PC
Perdón por no escribir en ingles pero yo poseo una computadora así mejor dicho solo cpu falta la pantalla, teclado y el ratón actualmente está acumulado polvo así que me interesaría venderla alguien sabe o me podría dar un precio aproximado de ¿cuanto podría valer?

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