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- There are now 992 computers in the museum -

Olivetti introduced a mainframe about 1960 which was called ELEA, then in 1965 the Programma 101 - which was probably the world's first real desktop computer. Then a little later they introduced the Audiotronic range of "office computers". The first was the A770, which was replaced by the A7. The A5 was the desktop version. The Olivetti Audit 5 or A5 was largely an electro mechanical computer. It printed via a golf ball typewritter mechanism at the astonishing speed of 16 character per second...
The TA 1600 system was introduced in 1983 at the CeBIT (which was only a part of the "Hannover-Messe" by that time). TA showed a few sample applications and the 1600 family in general. Triumph Adler's hardware included also the 1600/20-3 which was supplied with a permanent-swap-HDD-unit. This unit had a memory/storage capacity of 2 x 8 MB (Winchester technology). Triumph Adler said the system (the 1600) will fit the demand of medium-sized businesses, due to the facts that these companies w...
MIDWICH Microcontroller
Called the Midwich Microcontroller, this British computer was developped to provide a small desktop micro capable of running other equipment throug a variety of interface cards. In 1979 an Italian IC manufacturer designed and began to sell a single board micro system that could be expanded to a full system with a VDU, discs, etc. Called the Nanocomputer, it was manufactured by SGS Ates and one of the distributors in the UK was Midwich. The Nano was somewhat expensive and suffered from a numbe...
RADIONIC Model R1001
This is an extremly rare TRS-80 Model 1 clone, based on an other clone: The Komtek 1 (from Germany). It's equiped with a Level II basic and powered by a Zilog Z80 cpu. _________ Contributors : Incog...
BASF 7100
The BASF 7000 systems are professional computers from Germany. They seem to be based on the Microterm II Intelligent Terminal by Digi-Log Systems, Inc. There were several models in the 7000 serie....
PCC 2000 is a professional computer released in 1978. It was designed in 1978 by Pertec, the company which merged with MITS by the end of 1976. The PCC is conceived as a monobloc machine, where the display and two 8" floppy disk drives are built-in the main case. The mechanical keyboard offers separated numeric and editing keypads. The system is powered by an Intel 8085 microprocessor and offers 64 KB RAM. The whole thing was apparently delivered with an extended Basic language, which has...
TAP 34 is a self design of Terta company from Hungary. Primarily it was designed as a terminal for big computer systems but it was also able to process data alone. The main integrated circuits were assembled in the USSR and in Hungary by Tungsram, but several parts were imported from other countries. The built-in monitor was a DME-28 monochrome CRT made by Orion. This company was famous for its televisions in Hungary and the other KGST countries. The floppy drive attached to the compute...
Based on the MCM 70 / 700 (see this entry for more info), the MCM 800 followed in 1976. It was faster, included 16 KB RAM (instead of 8 KB for the 700), and included the ability to drive an external monitor. Among other things, MCM 800s were used in one of the first french industrial network called Gixinet (along with ARCnet). This was a token-bus type network developped by the Gixi company....
The Imlac PDS-1 is a graphical minicomputer made by Imlac Corporation (founded in 1968) of Needham, Massachusetts. The PDS-1 debuted in 1970 and is considered to be the predecessor of all later graphical minicomputers and modern computer workstations. The PDS-1 had a built-in display list processor and 4096 16-bit words of core RAM. The PDS-1 used a vector display processor for displaying vector graphics as opposed to the raster graphics of modern computer displays. The PDS-1 was often used with...
COMMODORE  C64 Golden Jubilee
Between 1984 (in the U.S.) and 1986 (in Germany), Commodore International celebrated the 1,000,000 machines sold mark in these respective countries by issuing special "Gold" editions of the Commodore C64. These machines were regular C64 models, except they were Golden-colored and fixed on a commemorative plate. The following information comes from Death Adder : Until December 1986, 1,000,000 Commodore 64s were sold in Germany. On this occasion, Commodore Buromaschinen GmbH (...

IBM  PC Portable - Model 5155
This computer was the portable version of the PC XT. It was also the second IBM's "transportable" computer. The first one was the IBM 5100, the first personal portable computer ever built that was released in September 1975 The OS was the PC-DOS 2.1, first delivered with the PC Junior. The portable was equipped with a 9'' amber screen which could display texts and graphics. It offered 7 extension slots, 5 being free (4 shorts and only 1 long). The ...
With their II and III series getting rather long in the tooth, and the Lisa being rather pricey, Apple had to do something to get back into the small-business market. They did. The Macintosh can be considered the very first commercially successful computer to use a GUI (Graphical User Interface). It was, however, not the first GUI based computer, the first GUI based computer ever sold was the Xero...
COMMODORE  PC Compatible systems
Commodore launched its range of PC-compatible systems at the height of the companyĺs popularity, with home and business systems being sold in over 50 countries. Commodore was the largest seller of computer systems in the world with sales in excess of $1 billion. Regardless, Commodore eventually suffered from permanent financial and structural problems. The range of Commodore PC-compatible computers offered several different models: - PC-1 A very small PC-compatible with a 4.77MHz 8...
The Sinclair ZX Spectrum was one of the most popular European computers of the 80's. Two models were launched: one with 16 kb RAM and one with 48 kb RAM. One of its most "interesting" characteristics is its keyboard! Some keys have more than five (!) functions! It is impossible to type BASIC keywords letter by letter, instead you have to use function keys. A lot of peripherals and programs were developed for this computer. It seems that several models of this computers were launched (at least...
TOMY  Tutor / Pyuuta
This computer was partially compatible with the Texas Instuments TI 99/4A. It had almost the same characteristics, except its main CPU (TMS 9995 instead of the TMS 9900 for the TI 99/4A). The two languages (GBASIC and Tomy Basic) were only available in UK and US computers. The Japanese computers didn't have the Tomy Basic (a TI-like Basic), but a "nihongo basic" using japanese characters and words, e.g. "kake" meant "print", "moshi-naraba" meant "if-then". ...
NEC  TK 80
The NEC TK 80 is a 8080-cpu Training Kit (hence the "TK") computer sold at the end of the 70's. It is considered the first japanese home-computer. It was firstly aimed at technicians, but it met a great success with first computer hobbyists. It was often sold as a kit. The systems is directly programmed in machine-code through the hexadecimal keyboard. There are 9 "function" keys on this keyboard : RET, RUN, STORE DATA, LOAD DATA, RESET, ADRS SET, READ INCR, READ DECR, WRITE INCR. Informatio...
ATARI  65 / 130 XE
The Atari 130-XE was first shown at the Winter Las Vegas Consumer Electronic Show in 1985 (with the Atari 130 ST), it has the same characteristics as the Atari 800 XL except its added memory (128 KB instead of 64 KB for the 800 XL). The extended memory can be used as a RAM disk, or can be accessed by bank switching routines. It was an attempt to extend the life of the old XL series, but Atari abandoned it pretty quickly to con...
Research Machines is based in Oxford, England and the RM-380Z was their first model. It was designed specifically for the education market and the vast majority of its users were in this area. The computer was based around the Z80A processor. It had a clever physical bus made of ribbon cable with IDC crimp on connectors obviating the problems of poor connections associated with edge connectors. The basic system was composed of a 4 KB main unit, a typewriter style separate keyboard and a mo...
IBM  PC XT 286
The IBM PC XT 286 is an intermediate computer between the IBM PC XT and the IBM PC AT. It had a very short career because most of its features can be found in the PC AT. Contrary to the PC XT, it has a saved clock and a calendar. James G. Davis reports: Only a few were made-maybe 20,000. Someone with IBM told me that they stopped making them when they had used up all the XT boxes, since the n...
The BetaSystem was a S-100 BUS based system using a complete computer Z80 card that could handle two time-shared users. Up to nine cards could be installed in the case allowing up to 18 users / video terminals to be connected and used simultaneously. As usual with S-100 based systems, a large range of storage devices could be added to the system: 5.25", 8" or 14" Winchester disk drives from 5 MB to 600 MB, 5.25" or 8" floppies, and tape cartridges up to 100 MB. Mainly based on the UCSD PAS...

U.S. advert (1980)


Advert #1


U.S. advert

Sage II

Advert (june 1982)

Goupil 2

In schools #1

MICRAL 80/22

US advert #6 (1980)


Advert #3


UK advert, Oct 1983

TI 99 / 4A

QL monitor ad.

QL (Quantum Leap)

Japanese advert #3



FP 1000 / FP 1100

Brazilian advert (19...

DGT100 / DGT1000

French advert


In schools #3

MICRAL 80/22

Charlie Chaplin #4

PC - Model 5150

French ad (may 1984)

ZX 81

UK advert, Oct. 1983


User manual's cover

Intellec Series

French advert (july ...

ZX 81

French advert


Advert #6 (1982)

ZX 81

French advert (1983)

TO 7

French ad (dec.1983)

SV 318

8-page US advert #5

Portable III


Ibrahim M
RADIONIC Model R1001
You do NOT want a radionics compoter latest modal

Just stumbled across this site. I was one of hardware/firmware designers for this product. I may still have some manuals for the system, if there is any interest in me scanning them.

I designed the DRAM system (48K), the dot-matrix printer microcontroller hardware/ firmware, the RS232 terminal interface.

Also involved in a CPM conversion project that we never brought to market. Still know many of the team (Mike Varanka, Gary Cook, Roland Guilmet, Dennis Chasse, Dave. As well as the next generation (8088/86 based) system which we prototyped and didn''t make to market.

OS was called AMOS (Athena Multitasking Operating System) and used a bus based system that when each board was installed automatically provided relevant driver for the OS. No external software needed.

Interesting side note: Met Bill Gates of Microsoft, when we contracted Microsoft for Assembler, Basic, and Fortran software packages for the system.

Gabriel Graša
EPCOM / SHARP Hotbit HB-8000
There''s a TV commercial ($7PeCWm_trY8) from december 1985 which shows the Hotbit being sold for Cr$3,900,00.00 (yes, nearly 4 million cruzeiros). That would have meant about US$400 as the exchange rate was Cr$10,000.00 that month (things were very dinamic then!). In 2015 dollars, that''s US$877.77.

Frank michelson
Frank you are the worst sports analyst ever and should quit.

Great to see so many posts for the Wren. I would love to see any schematics or service information for this great little computer.

Frank Isola
I hate old computers, wwatch me at 5:00 on around the horn! I am an awful sports analyst but I hate old computers! Bye yoo Nerdz!
I''m Franklin Isola and I approve this message.

Dave Malby
I purchased the Hyperion that was 1 year old in 1985 from Anderson Jacobson in Santa Clara, CA. I used it for tax preparation for businesses. I was one of the first Registered California Tax Practitioners that prepared taxes using a portable computer and filed taxes electronically. I believe I used the first edition of Turbotax that was introduced by Mike Chipman which I conversed with on the phone when I ran into problems. The computer only gave me grief if I forgot to save the file on the 2nd floppy or when someone tripped on the power cord.

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