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- There are now 992 computers in the museum -

Olivetti introduced a mainframe about 1960 which was called ELEA, then in 1965 the Programma 101 - which was probably the world's first real desktop computer. Then a little later they introduced the Audiotronic range of "office computers". The first was the A770, which was replaced by the A7. The A5 was the desktop version. The Olivetti Audit 5 or A5 was largely an electro mechanical computer. It printed via a golf ball typewritter mechanism at the astonishing speed of 16 character per second...
The TA 1600 system was introduced in 1983 at the CeBIT (which was only a part of the "Hannover-Messe" by that time). TA showed a few sample applications and the 1600 family in general. Triumph Adler's hardware included also the 1600/20-3 which was supplied with a permanent-swap-HDD-unit. This unit had a memory/storage capacity of 2 x 8 MB (Winchester technology). Triumph Adler said the system (the 1600) will fit the demand of medium-sized businesses, due to the facts that these companies w...
MIDWICH Microcontroller
Called the Midwich Microcontroller, this British computer was developped to provide a small desktop micro capable of running other equipment throug a variety of interface cards. In 1979 an Italian IC manufacturer designed and began to sell a single board micro system that could be expanded to a full system with a VDU, discs, etc. Called the Nanocomputer, it was manufactured by SGS Ates and one of the distributors in the UK was Midwich. The Nano was somewhat expensive and suffered from a numbe...
RADIONIC Model R1001
This is an extremly rare TRS-80 Model 1 clone, based on an other clone: The Komtek 1 (from Germany). It's equiped with a Level II basic and powered by a Zilog Z80 cpu. _________ Contributors : Incog...
BASF 7100
The BASF 7000 systems are professional computers from Germany. They seem to be based on the Microterm II Intelligent Terminal by Digi-Log Systems, Inc. There were several models in the 7000 serie....
PCC 2000 is a professional computer released in 1978. It was designed in 1978 by Pertec, the company which merged with MITS by the end of 1976. The PCC is conceived as a monobloc machine, where the display and two 8" floppy disk drives are built-in the main case. The mechanical keyboard offers separated numeric and editing keypads. The system is powered by an Intel 8085 microprocessor and offers 64 KB RAM. The whole thing was apparently delivered with an extended Basic language, which has...
TAP 34 is a self design of Terta company from Hungary. Primarily it was designed as a terminal for big computer systems but it was also able to process data alone. The main integrated circuits were assembled in the USSR and in Hungary by Tungsram, but several parts were imported from other countries. The built-in monitor was a DME-28 monochrome CRT made by Orion. This company was famous for its televisions in Hungary and the other KGST countries. The floppy drive attached to the compute...
Based on the MCM 70 / 700 (see this entry for more info), the MCM 800 followed in 1976. It was faster, included 16 KB RAM (instead of 8 KB for the 700), and included the ability to drive an external monitor. Among other things, MCM 800s were used in one of the first french industrial network called Gixinet (along with ARCnet). This was a token-bus type network developped by the Gixi company....
The Imlac PDS-1 is a graphical minicomputer made by Imlac Corporation (founded in 1968) of Needham, Massachusetts. The PDS-1 debuted in 1970 and is considered to be the predecessor of all later graphical minicomputers and modern computer workstations. The PDS-1 had a built-in display list processor and 4096 16-bit words of core RAM. The PDS-1 used a vector display processor for displaying vector graphics as opposed to the raster graphics of modern computer displays. The PDS-1 was often used with...
COMMODORE  C64 Golden Jubilee
Between 1984 (in the U.S.) and 1986 (in Germany), Commodore International celebrated the 1,000,000 machines sold mark in these respective countries by issuing special "Gold" editions of the Commodore C64. These machines were regular C64 models, except they were Golden-colored and fixed on a commemorative plate. The following information comes from Death Adder : Until December 1986, 1,000,000 Commodore 64s were sold in Germany. On this occasion, Commodore Buromaschinen GmbH (...

MSX 1 computer with 64 KB RAM, two cartridge slots and superimposition feature. The keyboard is separated from the main unit. At the right hand side of the main unit, there is enough room for an optional disk drive. The CF-3300 was a CF-3000 sold with this disk drive already mounted. The brazilian computer Gradiente Expert, is a clone of the National CF-3000....
SONY  Hit-Bit 75
This is a quite popular MSX 1 computer. As soon as it was available (in Europe at least), a lot of extensions were already available too, making the HB-75 a quite complete system. It is also a quite well designed computer. There's a built-in piece of software (Personal Data Bank) available on startup and composed of an agenda (scheduler), a memo, an address manager and a transfer utility. And you could save your work via a special RAM cartridge. There is a R...
Few information about this computer, a Romanian Sinclair ZX-Spectrum clone made from 1988 by Electronica CIE and sold only in Romania in blue or red case colour version. In fact, the colors only differed on the keyboard marquee, the case color being the same. On the red version the background of the keys is darker than on the blue version. The CIP-03 had a built-in Spectrum compatible BASIC interpreter in ROM. But instead of the original Sinclair copyright tex...
The Jacquard J100 and J500 Videocomputer line was developed at the home offices of Jacquard Systems, Inc. in Santa Monica, California. Development started in 1975 and by 1977 the first units of the J100 were installed. The base unit included two 8" single-sided floppy drives and could be expanded to up to 14 users. The OS was Jacquard's own DOS. The CPU of the J100 was National Semiconductor's IMP16 microprocessor and the J500 - a follow-on single-user system - was implemented using the AMD B...
In 1987 Canon USA Inc. released a new computer named the Canon Cat. This computer was targeted at low-level clerical workers such as secretaries. After six months on the market and with 20,000 units sold, Canon discontinued the Cat. The Cat featured an innovative text based user interface that did not rely upon a mouse, icons, or graphics. The key person behind the Cat was Jef Raskin, an eclectic gadgeteer, who began the design of the Cat during his work on the first Macintosh project at App...
The Atari Falcon 030 is the successor of the Atari 520 STe and the Atari TT 30. It keeps some features these machines : The graphic modes (320 x 200 / 16 colors, 640 x 200 / 4 colors, 640 x 400 / 2 colors, 320 x 480 / 256 colors and 640 x 480 / 16 colors) and the sound chips (the old Yamaha PSG and the two 8 bits PCM channels of the STe). Two new graphic modes have been added : a "small" 256 colors SVGA (640 x 480) and a tru...
SHARP  MZ 5500 - 5600
This computer wasn't 100% MS-DOS compatible, but is intended to work under EOS 16. EOS 16 is an operating system, which looks like UNIX and is fully compatible with Concurrent CP/M and CP/M 86 and can execute programs for MS-DOS 1.4 or MS-DOS 2.0. Sharp developed a Z80 card for the MZ 5600, with this card, EOS 16 can execute programs written for EOS V3 (EOS for 8 bit systems) or CP/M 80. The EOS 16 shell is very powerful and uses UNIX features. The MZ 5600 supports several disk format...
This is the same computer as the Philips VG-8010. It is a very poor MSX computer and is not 100% compliant with the standard : no Centronics port, no Expansion bus, no Audio out, a poor keyboard and a non standard PAL connector. It was pretty expensive and didn't have any success. As the VG-8000 and 8010, the MC-810 was also built in France (at the Mans by La Radiotechnique)......
The model 820-II is basically a model 820 with a higher clock rate (4 MHz instead of 2.5 MHz) and a 8" double density/double side disk-drive and hard-disk instead of the the two basic 8" Single density/single side disk-drive of the first model 820. But the hard-disk is said to be very noisy and the dual disks weigh more than 38 pounds! Nearly all the hardware is housed within the monitor, a bit like a
This Elan Challanger was probably one of the last computers made by Leanord before the company was bought by Siemens in 1989. It is a standard AT compatible system. Although the hardware design was similar to some Bull Micral PC series: a passive backplane on which are connected several system boards, The Elan was developped fully by Leanord's design team, based in Haubourdin near Lille city. Two utility programs delivered along with MS-DOS allowed to switch the CPU speed between 8.77 and...

Tandy 1988 catalog

1000 EX

36 Mhz. in 1982?


Japanese advert.

YIS-503 / Diabolik

U.S. advert (1982)


Sanco brochure #1


Japanese advert

Multi 8

English poster


french advert (febru...


German advert

BIT 60

French leaflet


1983 Badges


French ad (jan. 1980...


User manual's cover

Intellec Series

Z-2H 1980 advert


Advert #2

ZX 80

Advert #3


French advert


1978 brochure #14


1976 price list


3 page U.S. advert

HC / HX-20

Nascom 1 brochure

Nascom 1

Menta & Softy advert...


US ad. June 1983

Personal Mini PM/4T

French ad (jan. 1985...

LASER 3000


Owen Mooney
Finding this brings back memories! In 1984 I was designing a simulator for the ionosphere using a (then) high performance DSP processor. We were about to embark on the build of a user interface (using a custom microprocessor deign) when this came along. It did the UI brilliantly!, as well as computing some complex equations. I''m proud to say this must be one of the earliest SOA architectures around

Michael Otway
Being equipped with a Z80 CPU, these "128K" units could only access 64KB for programs and data. The other 64KB was set aside as a RAM drive. The RAM drive wasn''t all that useful though, because (unlike their 32 and 64K models) they used DRAM not SRAM, so the RAM drive data was gone once the computer was switched off.

Glen Crandall
"There were usually several hundred tube failures each day, replaced by workers racing up and down the tube racks with shopping carts full of replacements."

This statement is incorrect. Because of the automated testing conducted on a daily schedule actual failures were extremely rare.

The only time large numbers of tubes were replaced occurred happened after about four years of operation. At this time predicted failure rates of vacuum tubes rose to the point where all tubes were replaced. Usually about 100 to 200 tubes were replaced at a time during this phase.

I joined IBM in September 1957 and went to Kingston, NY for a 6 month training period. My permanent duty assignment was the DC at Gunter AFB, Montgomery, AL. I was there from April 1958 to November 1961.

In November 1961 I transferred to the software development site in Santa Monica, CA. I was there until about June 1966.

Stan Brown
BRITISH MICRO Mimi 802 / 803 / 804
I''ve actually got one but no discs, manuals or other bits. As far as I am aware the last time I connected it to a monitor it was working, about 3 years ago.

Noel Griffin
I developed My-Plan the 3D spreadsheet that ran on J100 and J500. Ah System II - happy memories, but not fond of DD01 error 8''s :) TypeRite was superb

Fernando Bautista
Perdón por no escribir en ingles pero yo poseo una computadora así mejor dicho solo cpu falta la pantalla, teclado y el ratón actualmente está acumulado polvo así que me interesaría venderla alguien sabe o me podría dar un precio aproximado de ¿cuanto podría valer?

Fernando Bautista
Perdón por no escribir en ingles pero yo poseo una computadora así mejor dicho solo cpu falta la pantalla, teclado y el ratón actualmente está acumulado polvo así que me interesaría venderla alguien sabe o me podría dar un precio aproximado de ¿cuanto podría valer?

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