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- There are now 992 computers in the museum -

Olivetti introduced a mainframe about 1960 which was called ELEA, then in 1965 the Programma 101 - which was probably the world's first real desktop computer. Then a little later they introduced the Audiotronic range of "office computers". The first was the A770, which was replaced by the A7. The A5 was the desktop version. The Olivetti Audit 5 or A5 was largely an electro mechanical computer. It printed via a golf ball typewritter mechanism at the astonishing speed of 16 character per second...
The TA 1600 system was introduced in 1983 at the CeBIT (which was only a part of the "Hannover-Messe" by that time). TA showed a few sample applications and the 1600 family in general. Triumph Adler's hardware included also the 1600/20-3 which was supplied with a permanent-swap-HDD-unit. This unit had a memory/storage capacity of 2 x 8 MB (Winchester technology). Triumph Adler said the system (the 1600) will fit the demand of medium-sized businesses, due to the facts that these companies w...
MIDWICH Microcontroller
Called the Midwich Microcontroller, this British computer was developped to provide a small desktop micro capable of running other equipment throug a variety of interface cards. In 1979 an Italian IC manufacturer designed and began to sell a single board micro system that could be expanded to a full system with a VDU, discs, etc. Called the Nanocomputer, it was manufactured by SGS Ates and one of the distributors in the UK was Midwich. The Nano was somewhat expensive and suffered from a numbe...
RADIONIC Model R1001
This is an extremly rare TRS-80 Model 1 clone, based on an other clone: The Komtek 1 (from Germany). It's equiped with a Level II basic and powered by a Zilog Z80 cpu. _________ Contributors : Incog...
BASF 7100
The BASF 7000 systems are professional computers from Germany. They seem to be based on the Microterm II Intelligent Terminal by Digi-Log Systems, Inc. There were several models in the 7000 serie....
PCC 2000 is a professional computer released in 1978. It was designed in 1978 by Pertec, the company which merged with MITS by the end of 1976. The PCC is conceived as a monobloc machine, where the display and two 8" floppy disk drives are built-in the main case. The mechanical keyboard offers separated numeric and editing keypads. The system is powered by an Intel 8085 microprocessor and offers 64 KB RAM. The whole thing was apparently delivered with an extended Basic language, which has...
TAP 34 is a self design of Terta company from Hungary. Primarily it was designed as a terminal for big computer systems but it was also able to process data alone. The main integrated circuits were assembled in the USSR and in Hungary by Tungsram, but several parts were imported from other countries. The built-in monitor was a DME-28 monochrome CRT made by Orion. This company was famous for its televisions in Hungary and the other KGST countries. The floppy drive attached to the compute...
Based on the MCM 70 / 700 (see this entry for more info), the MCM 800 followed in 1976. It was faster, included 16 KB RAM (instead of 8 KB for the 700), and included the ability to drive an external monitor. Among other things, MCM 800s were used in one of the first french industrial network called Gixinet (along with ARCnet). This was a token-bus type network developped by the Gixi company....
The Imlac PDS-1 is a graphical minicomputer made by Imlac Corporation (founded in 1968) of Needham, Massachusetts. The PDS-1 debuted in 1970 and is considered to be the predecessor of all later graphical minicomputers and modern computer workstations. The PDS-1 had a built-in display list processor and 4096 16-bit words of core RAM. The PDS-1 used a vector display processor for displaying vector graphics as opposed to the raster graphics of modern computer displays. The PDS-1 was often used with...
COMMODORE  C64 Golden Jubilee
Between 1984 (in the U.S.) and 1986 (in Germany), Commodore International celebrated the 1,000,000 machines sold mark in these respective countries by issuing special "Gold" editions of the Commodore C64. These machines were regular C64 models, except they were Golden-colored and fixed on a commemorative plate. The following information comes from Death Adder : Until December 1986, 1,000,000 Commodore 64s were sold in Germany. On this occasion, Commodore Buromaschinen GmbH (...

SIRIUS COMPUTER  Victor 9000 / Sirius 1
The Victor 9000 / Sirius S1 was conceived by Chuck Peddle who also designed the first Commodore PETs. This machine was quite innovative and superior in many points to the original IBM PC. It met a certain success in Europe as the IBM PC was not yet available there, whereas the Sirius S1 (european name of the Victor 9000) was. ACT sold a lot of these systems in UK, and their first "homemade" computer, the Apricot PC, borrowed a lot to the Sirius S1. The mechanical keyboard is very complete and...
TRANSAM Tuscan S-100
Transam was based in London and have moved on from their original business as a manufacturer of cheap hobby-type boards to computers design in 1982. The main unit of the Tuscan computer had a ten-slot S-100 backplane and integral single or dual floppy disk drives. The system came with a CPU board based around the Z80 processor, a video board with composite and UHF TV video outputs, and a memory board holding 8 KB of RAM and 8 KB of Monitor ROM. Several additional board could expand the sy...
The NeXTstation was a light version of the NeXTcube. The magnetic-optical drive has been replaced by a hard-disk, as NeXTcube users found this drive too slow compared to "modern" hard-disks available then. The thin design of the case didn't make it possible to keep the NeXTbus slots. There were several models, including a NeXTstation (25 Mhz), a ColorStation with color display (4096 colors, 25 Mhz) and a ColorStation Turbo (33 Mhz).
IBM JX was what the PCjr should have been. It was first released in Japan with dual English/Kanji features, but has not been a big succes in that market dominated by Japanese companies. The Kanji features were then removed and the system was introduced in Australia. It was first submitted to the Victorian Education Department then released for general dealer sales in September 1985. The JX was thus an enhanced version of the IBM PC Junior (which had no great ...
The HP-110 was the first laptop computer to offer the power and the possibilities of a desktop. As it was possible to connect a printer and a disk-drive to it, it was a very serious machine in its category, with Lotus 1-2-3 integrated. This was the good occasion for Hewlet-Packard to introduce a laptop computer when IBM and Apple were not yet on this part of the market. The HP-110 is somehow compatible with its big brother, the HP-150, and can communicate with HP "calculators" like the HP-41c...
The HC-91 is a Romanian ZX-Spectrum clone. Two versions of the HC-91 computer were manufactured by Ice-Felix. The first one used the same case and the same keyboard as the HC-85 with coloured keys for only external difference. This version was also sold with the HC-90 name. The second one featured a new 50 keys keyboard design (picture). Thanks to two small rectractable feet, the keyboard can be tilted. Also, the motherboar...
NEC  PC 8001 MK 2 SR
The PC-8001 MKII SR was the last one of PC-8001 Series. In 1985, PC-8801 series took the place of the PC-8001 series along with a large amount of available software, so this computer didn't meet a large success. This machine displayed not only Katakana but also Hiragana characters, a Kanji-ROM was available as optional extra.

Thanks to Yoshiki Yasui from Japan for information and pictures....

In the early 90s the DEC 4000 model 710 AXP was a member of the DEC 4000 AXP family aka "cobra" (including the model 610, 620, 710, 720) which was based on the Digital's Alpha AXP architecture and the IEEE's Futurebus+ profile B standard. This family was the output of an initiation in Digital to built the industry's most cost-effective and highest-performance departmental server computing system. To achive this goal Digital changed over from VAX CISC to Alpha AXP RISC architecture, and...
NEC  PC 6601
The PC-6601 is basicaly a PC-6001 MK2 with a built-in 3.5'' disk drive. The second optional disk drive could also be mounted. The N60m Basic od the PC-6001 MK2 has been enhanced to the N66 Basic. The japanese adverts focused on the fact that this computer could sing with its optional speech synthesizer! More info badly needed!...
In 1984, the Spectrum is already 2 years old and starts to look obsolete when compared to its competitors and the Commodore 64 in particular. That's why Sinclair launches a new-look version of the Spectrum : the Spectrum+ was born. In fact, it does not bring anything more apart from some cosmetic changes. Concerning the keyboard, the rubber keys are replaced with a better keyboard directly inspired by the keyboard of the QL, launched the same year. Though the keys are made of plastic this tim...

Advert #2


CMC International


English advert (1984...

Advance 86

Software catalogue


UK advert (1984)

SX/DX 64 - Executive computer

U.S. advert (1979)


Russian advert - pag...


French ad (may 1984)


German ad

SV 318

1979 advert


French advert


64 bits in 1983?


US advert, August 19...

C128 - C128D

ACE 100 advert (1982...

ACE 1000

French advert


Promotional picture ...

ZX 81

Brochure #3


US advert, Oct. 1981


1978 brochure #13


1977 advert #2


U.S. ad (1982)

Serie 5

German ad #4

MZ 700

French advert #1


U.K. ad. 1984



Chris Cordes
POLYMORPHIC  System 8813
Back in 1979/80 I wrote a surveyor''s package on one to do closures and property descriptions. Nice machine for the time.

Robyn Hibbert
I have an Amstrad Portable PPC512/640 One of the original laptops I think, in perfect condition with all accessories including the user instruction book, does anyone know anything about, is it worth anything ?

Robyn Hibbert
I have an Amstrad Portable PPC512/640 One of the original laptops I think, in perfect condition with all accessories including the user instruction book, does anyone know anything about, is it worth anything ?

When first launched, the Athena I had an unusual but interesting dual-processor design using NSC-800 CPUs, a low-power version of the Zilog Z80. What’s more, it used solid-state storage in the form of fast dynamic RAM. It was a powerful system, but its small LCD and external floppy drive limited its usefulness. In 1983, the company switched to a single low-power Intel 80C86 CPU, the first computer to do so, and offered MS-DOS along with CP/M.

Athena I (1983, transportable)
Original Retail Price: $3,250 to $4,950
Base Configuration: dual 2.5MHz NSC-800 CPUs, CP/M 2.2, 68K RAM, 6K ROM, external 5.25-inch floppy disk drive, 128K (1MB max) solid state storage, monochrome LCD, keyboard, two RS-232 and one parallel port, JRT Pascal, owner’s and software manuals, battery pack, AC adapter
Video: 4-line x 80-column text
Size/Weight: 3.37 x 11/87 x 14.5 inches, 15 lbs.
Important Options: 12-inch monochrome monitor

Richard Vermeulen
Hoi Jac Senior, ik lees zojuist pas je vraag. een beetje laat, maar evengoed. Af en toe staan er Toshiba T3100/T3200 en T5100/T5200 op marktplaats. Gewoon marktplaats in de gaten houden. Ik dacht eerst dat het zelfdzame machines waren, maar dat blijkt wel mee te vallen. Gemiddeld staat er elke week wel een op marktplaats dus. Ik weet niet of je ondertussen al voorzien bent.

Dale Wilson
HEATHKIT / ZENITH  Z-100/110/120
One of the best things about the Heath/Zenith computers was the technical documentation. Because they published schematics of their design I was able to get the tech sheets for the chips they used and use that to determine exactly how the graphics in the Z100 worked.

Using that information I wrote Palette so I could take full advantage of their design which was far ahead of any other computer at the time. Although Zenith claimed 640 x 200, 8 color graphics, you could reprogram the chip to run 640 x 400 which worked just fine as long as your monitor could handle it.

It was truly sad to see the IBM PC win the marketing war.

Kwabena A. A. Mensah

I''m nursing feelings of nostalgia for the ABS MX mini, the first computer I worked on. I''d be interested to hear from anyone who built or used this machine.

In January 1986, I joined TC Coombs $ Co., a London stockbroker. The business depended on a pair of MXs - lovingly named System A and System B - running the "Simple 7" combined operating system and programming language, and an equity trade accounting package written by ABS.

ABS had ceased supporting the machines, and there was no documentation on either the hardware or the software other than on-screen prompts, a directory of reports (cryptically titled Z1 to about Z100), and source code listings for the handful of modules that were run regularly.

Initially my job was to disassemble the main trade data capture and contract note printing module, working forward from the eighty pages of source code and backward from the contract note.

Once I''d got the hang of Simple 7, I extended the application by coding an aged debtors module, which made me popular with the Finance Director and earned me a big pay raise.

The ABS systems were replaced between June and December 1986 with a MicroVAX cluster running the Ingres RDBMS under VMS. Over the succeeding eighteen months, we developed a custom accounting and settlement application on the new platform.

I left the firm in January 1990 and it went bust a year later. The ABS MXs and Simple 7 were already a distant memory then and I''ve always wondered what became of my first computer love.

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