Released in 1989, the TurboGrafx-16 was the American name for the PC Engine.
Originally marketed as a competitor for the NES, it sold well initially, but never achieved the same success the PC Engine enjoyed in Japan.
Games for the TG-16 came on credit card sized TurboChips, similar to the cards that could be used on the original Master System.
TG-16 games have a distinct style, featuring large, colourful sprites, which still hold up well today. The 16 attached to the end of the name referred to the fact it had 16 bit graphics. While the system itself was only 8 bit, the custom chips meant it was still a powerful machine and the graphics were remarkable for the time.
A CD add-on was released two years before the Mega CD, making the PC Engine/TurboGrafx-16 the first console capable of playing CD games. The TurboGrafx-CD received its own upgrade in the Super System Card which increased Ram to 256 KB. The Arcade Card Pro was never released outside of Japan.
The machine received a limited release in Europe, where it was known simply as the Turbografx. Very few details are available about the European version but it has been suggested that no games were ever released, leaving users with just the one game that came with the console.
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