The inventor of the Amiga 1000 was Jay Miner, who created the Atari 800 many years before. He wanted to make the most powerful computer ever, then he joined a small Californian company called Amiga. He used the principle of the three coprocessors (again) to help the main processor.
At the beginning, the Amiga had only 64 kilobytes of RAM! The original "Amiga" called the Lorraine was meant to be a game machine with some computer capabilities.
Atari initially invested the money in the Amiga Corp. to do the R&D on the Amiga computer line. Naturally, when the design was finished, Amiga Corp. gave Atari the choice to purchase the technology. Atari passed in favor of their own project. Amiga Corp. then offered the technology to Commodore, Inc., who were quite pleased to purchase it, seeing that their own 16-bit computer was so far from reaching the shelf.
After the loss of a major legal battle for control of the Amiga chip set design, Atari launched the ST series (Sixteen-Thirty-two) as a competitor for the upcoming Amiga.
The operating system (AmigaDOS) was done by MetaComCo, a British company who specialized in the 68000 processor (they also made languages for the Sinclair QL). It is a fully multitasking system which looks like UNIX with a graphical user interface.
It was the very first personal computer with great graphics and sound capabilities with a GUI environment.
The Amiga BASIC was written by Microsoft (like most other versions of BASIC), but the first models were shipped with a non-Microsoft BASIC called ABasiC.
The Amiga 1000 was to lose popularity one year later with the creation of its two main successors: the Amiga 500 and the Amiga 2000.
There were two versions of the Amiga 1000. The first one sold only in the USA, had a NTSC display and no EHB video mode. Later versions would have this built in. The second one had a PAL display, the enhanced video modes (EHB) and was built in Germany.
The official name for the A1000 was the Commodore Amiga. It was only when the A2000 was launched that they officially began to refer to the machine by its model number.
Jim (USA) is right... your history of how Commodore came to get the Amiga technology is simply wrong. Like he said, Amiga were going to go bust and the only money they could borrow at the time was offered to them by Atari, who wanted the technology but had no interest in the computer itself or the company. Atari gave Amiga this loan knowing they would never be able to pay it back so they could grab their technology super cheaply when they defaulted. Commodore stepped in at the last minute and saved Amiga Inc from falling to Atari''s hands by repaying this loan, then they entered negotiations to buy Amiga Inc. for a much fairer price. About time you updated this.
Nice site btw.
Tuesday 12th November 2013
It should be interesting to mention that the names of the conceptors where ''printed'' in the plastic structure of the top cover. I was surprised when i discovered this, after removing this cover (the 1st day of course ! :) There was also this strange RAM pagination, 256M being reserved for kickstart (no ROM)
Thursday 31st March 2011
The writeup above on the Amiga 1000 has several errors in it and should be redone. Jay Miner was not the inventor of the Amiga 1000, he was the project manager of a team of many people that created the Amiga. Amiga Corp did not "offer" the Amiga to Atari and was turned down to then offer it to Commodore. Atari wanted the chipset design for their line of systems and provided a loan to Amiga Corp that was to pe paid back rapidly or Amiga would be turned over to Atari entirely. In the last few days before the loan was due Commode came in and paid off the loan and provided a purchase price for Amiga that was quite generous at the time. There are more items to add but those are the major corrections.
Sunday 3rd October 2010
END OF PRODUCTION
full-size typewriter style, 89 keys, 10 function keys and numeric keypad
3 : Denise (video), Agnus (memory manager, blitter & copper), Paula (sound and disk access)
256kb, upgradable to 512k internally. Extensible to 8.5 MB with extension card (512 KB CHIP RAM + 8 MB FAST RAM) and to 10 MB
8 KB (The Kickstart isn't in ROM but loaded at the boot in RAM, where it takes 256 KB)
60 x 32 / 80 x 32
320 x 200 and 320x400 (32 colors), 640 x 200 and 640 x 400 (16 colors)
up to 64 colors among 4096 (EHB mode) The Amiga can display 4096 colors simultaneously (HAM mode)