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T > TOSHIBA  > T 200   


Toshiba
T 200

Two models were available: the Toshiba T200 C-5 with only one floppy disk unit (250 KB) and a hard disk (5 MB), and the T200 C-20 with a double floppy disk unit, one hard disk (10 MB) and one streamer (10 MB). It was possible to connect up to 16 hard disks (140 MB max)!

It was sold with accounting software running an OS called Toshiba Business Basic which was different to the CPM OS with MBasic etc.

_______________________

David Gimeno i Ayuso reports :
The Toshiba T200 had 64KB RAM and 32KB ROM, which was copied to RAM after startup, so leaving only 32KB RAM available. Its size was around 60x40x40 cm. It may weight from 15 kg to 30 kg (or 66 lb) but not too much more because one young and not too strong man could carry it. And finally, its price in Spain for the 2 floppy system, was 666,000 pta (currently 4,002.74€ or $4,962.20), including the WTZ80 printer. T200 floppies could use diskettes up to 640KB. They worked with double-sided, 80 tracks, 16 sectors of 256 bytes each. This printer was an 80 columns non-optimized printer (it printed moving its head side-to-side of the printing area, no matter how much characters it should print), 100 cps, tractor only and 10,12,17 pitches with corresponding 5, 6, 8.5 expanded pitches. And I'm thinking the paper tractor was both pull only and push'n'pull, but I'm unsure about that.

Thomas Fusco's memories:
I have very fond memories of this machine. I operated one of these at a small company in New Jersey from 1986 through 1989. Our unit was made in 1981. A sales rep later told us that the IBM PC rendered this machine (and many similar ones) obsolete, and it was discontinued soon after. The configuration was a bit different than listed on this page, comprising two 5 1/4" floppy drives employing single-sided, 360K diskettes with no hard drive. The computer booted from the left "A" drive (the failure of which finally retired the system to a dark corner of the warehouse where it may still be to this day). The printer that came with it was not the one pictured, but a Toshiba 1281 wide carriage daisy wheel, which, although quite noisy, produced great output. Each key was individually hard-wired so that the cable connecting the keyboard to the main unit was near the diameter of your thumb. When powered up, the green monochrome screen displayed C/PM, but would boot a version of DOS from the A: floppy on which we ran WordStar.

I remember the unit as weighing more than the 15kg (33 lbs) listed. The T200 had a big brother called the T250 that looked almost identical except it was significantly bigger, sporting a larger display and dual 8" floppy drives (the literature I saw listed the T250's main unit weight at 135 lbs!).

In 1989, I placed a support call to Toshiba concerning some minor question. When I told the man what I had, he asked me to hold on for a moment, after which you could hear him yelling to others in the background, "Hey, guess what this guy has? A T200!" followed by a barrage of laughter. He returned and told me that mine was one of only about ten known in the world to still be in use (which made me quite proud), and referred me to an "old-timer downstairs" who might know something about this system (and who actually proved to be quite helpful).

Up until the A: drive's demise, this machine ran absolutely flawlessly for the three years I used it, with not one problem or glitch ever....zero, zip, ziltch. Try that with a Wintel machine!


Lorenzo Garcia (from Spain) adds:
The Toshiba T200 was the first computer model that I used as a profesional computer programer. The T200 was fitted with an "operating sistem / Basic interpreter" called "Business Basic". Business Basic sintax included sentences to manage "indexed files". That feature was innovative at the time and very useful for business applications development.After a cuple of years, the IBM PC and clones phased out this supperb piece of techonolgie.

We need more info about this computer ! If you designed, used, or have more info about this system, please send us pictures or anything you might find useful.

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I wrote debtors, creditors and stock control for this system prior to it''s introduction into Australia in 1981.

          
Thursday 11th April 2013
Steve (Australia)

Oh Lord, I had this machine because I am a computer enthusiast so I stated to learn how to write a program with Basic, bought this machine in Seattle during 1984 for 900$ comes with all software like General Ledger and a data base software called "Friday" and later I bought a manual Datec Modem with push button to originate the contact and spent all night long for BBS.

          
Sunday 23rd December 2012
Ninh (USA)

Hi Guys,

I still have the floppies. If you still have one of those machine, please do not hesitate to contact me. I am looking forward for more JPEG of this great T200. Shall we meet on icq or irc.

patrick295767@gmail.com

          
Tuesday 3rd July 2012
patrick295767@gmail.com (France)

 

NAME  T 200
MANUFACTURER  Toshiba
TYPE  Home Computer
ORIGIN  Japan
YEAR  1980
BUILT IN LANGUAGE  None
KEYBOARD  Full-stroke keyboard
CPU  Intel 8085
SPEED  2 MHz
RAM  64 KB
ROM  32 KB
TEXT MODES  80 columns x 24 lines
GRAPHIC MODES  Unknown
COLORS  monochrome built-in display
SOUND  Built-in loudspeaker. One canal output
SIZE / WEIGHT  60 x 40 x 40 cm / 15 Kg
I/O PORTS  RS232c, Centronics
BUILT IN MEDIA  Change according models
OS  CP/M
POWER SUPPLY  Built-in power supply unit
PERIPHERALS  unknown
PRICE  System + WTZ80 printer. : 666,000 pta (Spain, 1980)


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