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C > CROMEMCO  > System I / II / III   


Cromemco
System I / II / III

CROMEMCO was founded in 1974 by two Stanford Students, Roger Melen and Harry Garland, who lived in the CROthers MEMorial Hall dormitory on the Stanford campus.
Eventually CROMEMCO needed space to receive visitors, and moved out of the dorm to Mountain View, and incorporated in 1976. Early products were cards for the S-100 bus, as used by the Altair and IMSAI computers.

These computers were built around the S100 bus. The S100 BUS was a standard (also known under the name IEEE 696) for connection on Zilog Z80 or Intel 8080 processors. A lot of S100 cards were available for the Cromenco systems.

Four Cromenco systems were available :

- System 0: Z80 A + RAM 64 KB + 2 floppy disk drives (390 KB each),
- System I: As system 0 + 1 hard disk (5 MB).
- System III: Z80 CPU, Dual 8" Persci electrically driven floppy drives, 64 KB RAM. It was S-100 bus, Multiuser, used MP/M operating system.

In 1982, Cromemco also introduced the CS-1H system using a dual processor board (Motorola 68000 and Z80) and offering 16 MB of address space.

For the moment, we don't know exactly the specific features for the Systems II and IV.

These systems ran under Cromix (the Cromenco Unix version). They could run under CP/M and CDOS too (CDOS is a CP/M like operating system). Several languages were developped especially for these computers : Fortran IV or a 16 K Z80 Basic wich was given as "one of the fastest and most capable. Full 14-digit precision".

We need more info about this computer ! If you designed, used, or have more info about this system, please send us pictures or anything you might find useful.
NAME  System I / II / III
MANUFACTURER  Cromemco
TYPE  Professional Computer
ORIGIN  U.S.A.
YEAR  1976
CPU  Z80
RAM  32 KB (up to 512 KB with a pagination mechanism)
ROM  Unknown
TEXT MODES  Unknown
GRAPHIC MODES  754 x 482 monochrome / 377 x 241 16 colors. A special video card was available with 3 video processors which allows the same resolutions but respectively with 8 and 4096 colors.
I/O PORTS  8 bit ADC or DAC, Centronics, Disk controller, S100 Bus, 21-card-slot
BUILT IN MEDIA  Varies according the model
OS  CP/M

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