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K > KYOCERA > Kyotronic 85     


Kyocera
Kyotronic 85

The Kyotronics 85 may be considered the world's first true laptop computer.

It was designed and sold in Japan by Kyocera (Kyoto Ceramics). But curiously, apart from the Japanese market, it was little sold in the world despite its very innovative design.

On the other hand, three major computer firms noticed this little gem and licenced it. Shortly afterwards, one would see the same computer sold under three different names and case designs in every corner of the world. These machines were the NEC PC-8201, the Tandy Model 100 and the Olivetti M10.

Each brand added its own enhancement - arrow keys for the NEC, tilt display for the Olivetti, but the hardware basis was identical: an 8085 CPU, 8 to 32 KB of RAM, a full-size typewriter keyboard and an 8-line x 40-character LCD display.

Later, Tandy asked Kyocera to introduce changes and released the Tandy 102 (larger memory) then the Tandy 200 (larger display).



We need more info about this computer ! If you designed, used, or have more info about this system, please send us pictures or anything you might find useful.
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I worked for the company that imported these to the USA. As I remember we imported about 1000 pcs. We advertised in the ComputerShopper magazine, and sold them at 799.00 retail price. They sold quickly and I remember that few problems in the field. This computer was really ahead of the rest of the market.

The software in ROM made is very powerful out of the box. Some of the first to adapt this computer were news paper reporters, because of the full size keyboard and modem built-in to transmit the story to the office from the field.

          
Sunday 22nd July 2012
DaveW (USA)

I worked for the company that imported these to the USA. As I remember we imported about 1000 pcs. We advertised in the ComputerShopper magazine, and sold them at 799.00 retail price. They sold quickly and I remember that few problems in the field. This computer was really ahead of the rest of the market.

The software in ROM made is very powerful out of the box. Some of the first to adapt this computer were news paper reporters, because of the full size keyboard and modem built-in to transmit the story to the office from the field.

          
Sunday 22nd July 2012
DaveW (USA)

 

NAME  Kyotronic 85
MANUFACTURER  Kyocera
TYPE  Portable
ORIGIN  Japan
YEAR  1983
BUILT IN LANGUAGE  Microsoft BASIC
KEYBOARD  Typewriter type, 72 keys with 16 function keys and 4 arrow keys
CPU  Intel 80C85 CMOS low power version
SPEED  2.4 MHz
RAM  8 to 32 KB
ROM  32 KB
TEXT MODES  40 columns x 8 lines
GRAPHIC MODES  240 x 64 dots
COLOrsc  Monochrome
SOUND  Beeper
SIZE / WEIGHT  28 (W) x 21.6 (D) x 5 (D) cm
I/O PORTS  Parallel printer, Tape recorder, Bar Code reader, Serial RS232, Phone, System bus
BUILT IN MEDIA  User RAM battery backup
POWER SUPPLY  6V DC adaptor or 4 x AA batteries
PERIPHERALS  Disk drive unit
PRICE  Unknown





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