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T > TANDY RADIO SHACK  > 1000 HX     


Tandy Radio Shack
1000 HX

The Tandy 1000 HX is a member of the Tandy 1000 series family. See this entry for more info.

The Tandy 1000 HX, released in 1987, was designed as another entry level IBM compatible personal computer and the successor to the EX. Like the EX, the HX was a compact computer with the keyboard built into the computer casing. The computer came with an Intel 8088 CPU, 256 KB of memory, and had one 720 KB 3.5" disk drive on the right side of the machine behind the keyboard. HX computers came with MS-DOS 2.11 built into the ROM and “Deskmate 2” on diskette.

The computer's memory could be expanded to 640 KB by the use of a memory expansion card; by default these cards, sold by Tandy, came with 128 KB, but one could add another 384 KB in memory chips to this board. These cards were named “Plus Cards” and used a pin configuration instead of the slot system used by IBM or the T-1000. The cards themselves followed all the IBM standards and eventually Radio Shack started selling the adaptors in their stores to allow the cards to be inserted into a standard IBM 8-bit ISA slot. There were three such spots available in the computer case.

There was also a spare 3.5" drive bay in the computer case. On the back of the machine there was a port which allowed a user to connect an external 5.25" (360 KB) or 3.5" (720 KB) disk drive. There was also a connector for a printer.

The 1000 HX did not come with a hard drive, and Tandy Corporation did not manufacture fixed disks for this type of computer. A HDD could be purchased from third party vendors, however.

It was also here that the DOS in ROM was getting a little old and for the first time the settings on the computer could be changed so that instead of looking in ROM for DOS at bootup, it would go direct to the floppy drive instead. Most versions of MS-DOS worked with the 1000 HX, including 3.x, DOS 5.x & 6.x. DOS 4.0 did not work due to a bug in its environment that prevented it from working.

__________

Contributors: Derek McDonald (aka “Skel”)
Sources: Switchtec's Virtual PC Museum, Emperor Multimedia Electronic Archives, Wikipedia, 8-Bit Micro, Tandy 1000 PC Museum


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Deskmate was a nice little piece of software that came with the Tandy 1000 HX - it had a faux windows look, and had a simple word processor, spreadsheet, drawing program, and a music program. Many programs at the time also supported "Tandy Color" a graphics standard in between CGA and EGA formats, that offered additional colors beyond the CGA standard, but at the same resolution.

          
Monday 12th May 2014
Tommy

My first computer. I paid $200 used at Radio Shack (1989). In the mid 90''s I gave it to the kid next door. Today''s cell phones have more than 100 times the computing power. But it was great at the time.

          
Sunday 16th June 2013
jscottu (Indianapolis, IN)

This was my first computer. I got it as a birthday present when I was six, so that would be 1987 or so. As I opened the box, I saw the monitor first, and I said "Oh, wow, a TV!" My dad replied, "no, son. That''s a computer." I said, "oh. Ok. What do I do with it?" My dad said, "Damned if I know" and handed me the manual for DOS 3.1. At six years old. And that, folks, is what got me introduced to the wonderful world of computing. :-)

          
Saturday 10th July 2010
Chris

 

NAME  1000 HX
MANUFACTURER  Tandy Radio Shack
TYPE  Home Computer
ORIGIN  U.S.A.
YEAR  1987
KEYBOARD  Full stroke keyboard, 92 keys, 12 function keys
CPU  Intel 8088
SPEED  4.77 MHz / 7.16 MHz
RAM  256 KB (up to 640 KB)
ROM  16 KB
TEXT MODES  Unknown
GRAPHIC MODES  CGA/TGA, 160 x 200, 320 x 200, 640 x 200
COLOrsc  16 colours
SOUND  3 voices + 1 sound channel
SIZE / WEIGHT  Unknown
I/O PORTS  2 x joysticks, monitor video output, composite video output, mono audio output, lightpen, parallel port, serial port (optional), external floppy drive, 3 internal expansion slots
BUILT IN MEDIA  one 3.5'' floppy disk drives (720 KB)
OS  MS-DOS 2.11 built-in ROM, DeskMate 2.0 and GW Microsoft Basic included with the system
POWER SUPPLY  Built-in power supply
PRICE  Unknown





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