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- There are now 992 computers in the museum -




   LATEST ADDITIONS
OLIVETTI  A5
Olivetti introduced a mainframe about 1960 which was called ELEA, then in 1965 the Programma 101 - which was probably the world's first real desktop computer. Then a little later they introduced the Audiotronic range of "office computers". The first was the A770, which was replaced by the A7. The A5 was the desktop version. The Olivetti Audit 5 or A5 was largely an electro mechanical computer. It printed via a golf ball typewritter mechanism at the astonishing speed of 16 character per second...
TRIUMPH ADLER  TA-1600
The TA 1600 system was introduced in 1983 at the CeBIT (which was only a part of the "Hannover-Messe" by that time). TA showed a few sample applications and the 1600 family in general. Triumph Adler's hardware included also the 1600/20-3 which was supplied with a permanent-swap-HDD-unit. This unit had a memory/storage capacity of 2 x 8 MB (Winchester technology). Triumph Adler said the system (the 1600) will fit the demand of medium-sized businesses, due to the facts that these companies w...
MIDWICH Microcontroller
Called the Midwich Microcontroller, this British computer was developped to provide a small desktop micro capable of running other equipment throug a variety of interface cards. In 1979 an Italian IC manufacturer designed and began to sell a single board micro system that could be expanded to a full system with a VDU, discs, etc. Called the Nanocomputer, it was manufactured by SGS Ates and one of the distributors in the UK was Midwich. The Nano was somewhat expensive and suffered from a numbe...
RADIONIC Model R1001
This is an extremly rare TRS-80 Model 1 clone, based on an other clone: The Komtek 1 (from Germany). It's equiped with a Level II basic and powered by a Zilog Z80 cpu. _________ Contributors : Incog...
BASF 7100
The BASF 7000 systems are professional computers from Germany. They seem to be based on the Microterm II Intelligent Terminal by Digi-Log Systems, Inc. There were several models in the 7000 serie....
PERTEC PCC 2000
PCC 2000 is a professional computer released in 1978. It was designed in 1978 by Pertec, the company which merged with MITS by the end of 1976. The PCC is conceived as a monobloc machine, where the display and two 8" floppy disk drives are built-in the main case. The mechanical keyboard offers separated numeric and editing keypads. The system is powered by an Intel 8085 microprocessor and offers 64 KB RAM. The whole thing was apparently delivered with an extended Basic language, which has...
TERTA TAP-34
TAP 34 is a self design of Terta company from Hungary. Primarily it was designed as a terminal for big computer systems but it was also able to process data alone. The main integrated circuits were assembled in the USSR and in Hungary by Tungsram, but several parts were imported from other countries. The built-in monitor was a DME-28 monochrome CRT made by Orion. This company was famous for its televisions in Hungary and the other KGST countries. The floppy drive attached to the compute...
MCM COMPUTERS  MCM 800
Based on the MCM 70 / 700 (see this entry for more info), the MCM 800 followed in 1976. It was faster, included 16 KB RAM (instead of 8 KB for the 700), and included the ability to drive an external monitor. Among other things, MCM 800s were used in one of the first french industrial network called Gixinet (along with ARCnet). This was a token-bus type network developped by the Gixi company....
IMLAC PDS-1
The Imlac PDS-1 is a graphical minicomputer made by Imlac Corporation (founded in 1968) of Needham, Massachusetts. The PDS-1 debuted in 1970 and is considered to be the predecessor of all later graphical minicomputers and modern computer workstations. The PDS-1 had a built-in display list processor and 4096 16-bit words of core RAM. The PDS-1 used a vector display processor for displaying vector graphics as opposed to the raster graphics of modern computer displays. The PDS-1 was often used with...
COMMODORE  C64 Golden Jubilee
Between 1984 (in the U.S.) and 1986 (in Germany), Commodore International celebrated the 1,000,000 machines sold mark in these respective countries by issuing special "Gold" editions of the Commodore C64. These machines were regular C64 models, except they were Golden-colored and fixed on a commemorative plate. The following information comes from Death Adder : Until December 1986, 1,000,000 Commodore 64s were sold in Germany. On this occasion, Commodore Buromaschinen GmbH (...

   RANDOM SYSTEMS
PANASONIC FS A1F
The Panasonic FS-A1F ia basicaly a FS-A1 (MSX2 system) with a built-in 3.5" floppy disk drive mounted on the front of the case, below the keyboard. There is DESKPAC software built-in which starts automatically when the system is booted. It offers several interesting utilities : world time clock, chronometer, alarm, calculator, calendar and diary. From here you can also choose to go directly to MSX Basic v2.0. Concerning audio and music, the FS A1 is equiped...
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS  COMPACT COMPUTER 40 (CC40)
The Compact Computer 40 is a cute little system which represents Texas-Instrument`s first entry into the portable computer market. It can be considered in many ways as the TI-99 4/A's little brother. It includes a special version of the TI Extended Basic, where most of the graphical and sound statements has been discarded. But it is so close, than some TI-99 4/A can actually be executed on a CC40 ! Basic statements can be accessed directly through specific ke...
SHARP  X1 Turbo Z (CZ-880C)
The X1 Turbo Z is the successor of the X1 Turbo III. The name of the X1 serie becomes a bit surrealistic ! The Turbo Z enhances the graphic and sound characteristics : more colors and more voices. It can display the 4096 colors simultaneously in the 320 x 200 mode. It was also possible to digitize video samples! There are 3 different models: X1 Turbo Z, Z II and Z III: - Z II is VCCI compliant (electromagnetic...
MOS TECHNOLOGY  TIM
The TIM (Terminal Interface Monitor) was a MOS Technology Inc's build-it-yourself 6502 development system that was launched before the KIM-1. When a computer fan ordered a TIM from MOS Technology in Norristown, Pennsylvania, he got a MCS6530-004 (1k TIM monitor program in ROM), and a manual (15 sheets of 11x17 folded & stapled in the middle) containing a suggested schematic, the TIM monitor commands, and listing. He had to provide himself with various components...
TANDY RADIO SHACK  1000 TX
The Tandy 1000 TX was similar to the Tandy 1000 in that it had an external keyboard and casing. The difference, however, was the addition of an 80286 CPU on the TX model; otherwise, it was nearly identical to the Tandy 1000, including the odd parallel port edge connector. The TX had a 3.5" drive, with an optional 5.25" drive. It contained hookups for two joysticks in the front along with the keyboard, and included a volume control with a phono input on the fr...
MECIPT Mecipt
The beginning of IT in Romania. Professor V. Baltac said in the Conference "Computers and Computer Networks in Romania between 1953-2001", from The Romanian Academy, at 22 nov. 2001 that the years 1950 had marqued a Romanian priority in Romanian computing techniques. Three computing techniques schools were then created: - Bucharest - IFA (Institutul de Fizica Atomica - The Athomical Physics Institute), - Timisoara - MECIPT (Masina Electronica de Calculat a Institutului...
TEXAS INSTRUMENTS  LCM-1001
Almost no information about this 'computer' which was probably the first microprocessor trainer Texas Instruments produced. The system held two chips, a quad-Nand 74279 logic chip and a 4-bit SPB0400 processor which was the first processor made using the VLSI process technology. One programmed it through various switchs, results were displayed on LED diodes. Thanks to Steve Perry for information and pictures....
OSBORNE CORP.  VIXEN
The VIXEN is bundled with CP/M 2.2, WordStar 3.3, Supercalc 2, MBASIC, a game called Desolation, Osboard Software (for drawing graphics), Media Master (to transfer data to MS DOS disks) and Turnkey to change some system features. The Osborne VIXEN was priced at $1298. An optional 10 MB hard disk could be added with an interface card (the hard disk was $1498, more than the computer !). Curtis A. Ingraham (who worked for Osborne) reports: The Osborne Vixen was i...
CASIO  FX-9000P
This is Casio's first small desktop computer, although the company was well known in Japan for its minicomputer and calculators ranges. The FX-9000P had a 5.5'' video display and a complete keyboard with calculator style keys. The unit also had four slots for plug-in RAM or ROM modules. The basic model came with 4 KB of RAM. Two RAM modules were available: 16 KB N-MOS RAM which didn't retain information when removed, and 4 KB C-MOS RAM with back-up batteries that stored the information outsid...
INTEL SDK-86
The SDK-86 (System Design Kit) was the first available computer using the Intel 8086 microprocessor. It was sold as a single board kit at a cheaper price than a single 8086 chip! because Intel thought that the success of a microprocessor depends on its evaluation by as many users as possible. All major components were socketed and the kit could be assembled by anyone having a limited technical knowledge thanks to a clear and complete assembly manual. The system could be used with the on-board ke...

   RANDOM ADVERTS
French brochure

COMMODORE
PC Compatible systems

 
Disk drive #2 Feb. 1...

TANDY RADIO SHACK
Color Computer

 
Japanese leaflet

SHARP
MZ 80C

 
French ad (dec. 1983...

RAIR MICROCOMPUTER
Business Computer

 
Promotional leaflet

SORD
M23 Mark III

 
UK advert

TANDY RADIO SHACK
1000 HX

 
French advert (june ...

OLIVETTI
M10

 
1978 brochure #2

MSI
6800

 
Stupid picture

SMH - ALCATEL
ALPHA Plus

 
Brazilian advert #2

PROLOGICA
CP-400

 
U.S. ad April 1983

ATARI
1200 XL

 
Last sales

DRAGON DATA LTD
Dragon 64

 
Heath catalog

HEATHKIT
EC-1

 
5500 advert (Jan. 19...

I.S.T.C. (INFORMATIC SYST╚MES T╔L╔COM)
5000

 
1977 Advert #1

IMSAI
8048

 
French advert

CASIO
PB-700

 
U.S. advert (1978)

TANDY RADIO SHACK
TRS 80 MODEL I

 
French advert

MBC
Alcyane

 
Newburry brochure #3

GRUNDY
NEW BRAIN

 
1978 brochure #1

MSI
6800

 
French advert.

TATUNG
EINSTEIN TC-01

 
French advert (1983)

THOMSON
TO 7

 
US advert Apr. 1982

TANDY RADIO SHACK
TRS 80 MODEL III

 
Isaac Asimov Feb. 19...

TANDY RADIO SHACK
TRS 80 MODEL II

 

   LATEST COMMENTS
Owen Mooney
11/29/2015
EPSON  HC / HX-20
Finding this brings back memories! In 1984 I was designing a simulator for the ionosphere using a (then) high performance DSP processor. We were about to embark on the build of a user interface (using a custom microprocessor deign) when this came along. It did the UI brilliantly!, as well as computing some complex equations. I''m proud to say this must be one of the earliest SOA architectures around

Michael Otway
11/29/2015
APPLIED TECHNOLOGIES  Microbee 128
Being equipped with a Z80 CPU, these "128K" units could only access 64KB for programs and data. The other 64KB was set aside as a RAM drive. The RAM drive wasn''t all that useful though, because (unlike their 32 and 64K models) they used DRAM not SRAM, so the RAM drive data was gone once the computer was switched off.

Glen Crandall
11/28/2015
IBM  AN/FSQ-7
"There were usually several hundred tube failures each day, replaced by workers racing up and down the tube racks with shopping carts full of replacements."

This statement is incorrect. Because of the automated testing conducted on a daily schedule actual failures were extremely rare.

The only time large numbers of tubes were replaced occurred happened after about four years of operation. At this time predicted failure rates of vacuum tubes rose to the point where all tubes were replaced. Usually about 100 to 200 tubes were replaced at a time during this phase.

I joined IBM in September 1957 and went to Kingston, NY for a 6 month training period. My permanent duty assignment was the DC at Gunter AFB, Montgomery, AL. I was there from April 1958 to November 1961.

In November 1961 I transferred to the software development site in Santa Monica, CA. I was there until about June 1966.

Stan Brown
11/27/2015
BRITISH MICRO Mimi 802 / 803 / 804
I''ve actually got one but no discs, manuals or other bits. As far as I am aware the last time I connected it to a monitor it was working, about 3 years ago.

Noel Griffin
11/23/2015
AM INTERNATIONAL JACQUARD SYSTEMS J100 - J500
I developed My-Plan the 3D spreadsheet that ran on J100 and J500. Ah System II - happy memories, but not fond of DD01 error 8''s :) TypeRite was superb

Fernando Bautista
11/20/2015
ATARI  PC
Perdón por no escribir en ingles pero yo poseo una computadora así mejor dicho solo cpu falta la pantalla, teclado y el ratón actualmente está acumulado polvo así que me interesaría venderla alguien sabe o me podría dar un precio aproximado de ¿cuanto podría valer?

Fernando Bautista
11/20/2015
ATARI  PC
Perdón por no escribir en ingles pero yo poseo una computadora así mejor dicho solo cpu falta la pantalla, teclado y el ratón actualmente está acumulado polvo así que me interesaría venderla alguien sabe o me podría dar un precio aproximado de ¿cuanto podría valer?

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