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D > DIGITAL EQUIPMENT CORPORATION > RAINBOW 100   


Digital Equipment Corporation
RAINBOW 100

The Rainbow 100 had a proprietary floppy drive format. Disks formatted for the Rainbow 100 could not be read or written to by other PC computers, even though materially they were the same type of 5'' disk.

Chris Ryan reports:

There were two versions : the model 100 and the model 100+. The 100 had 64 KB soldered RAM and the 100+ had 128KB with a socket expansion for an other option board.

The system was triple boot (in BIOS, and could be set for automatic default boot preference on 100+) and booted in either CP/M, DOS, or VT100 mode.
When booted in DOS, the Z-80 acted as an I/O co-processor for the 8088 side, and visa-versa for CP/M mode.
The 8088 could also be upgraded with an NEC V-20 chip, but it involved either doing an E-PROM hack (published) or manually selecting the boot mode each time. (It was due to the V-20 being so much faster, and the post used a step/increment timing sequence, the system would respond faster than the number of clock cycles it was told to wait until looking for a response.)




NAME  RAINBOW 100
MANUFACTURER  Digital Equipment Corporation
TYPE  Professional Computer
ORIGIN  U.S.A.
YEAR  1984
KEYBOARD  Full-stroke keyboard with function keys, editing keypad and numeric keypad.
CPU  Intel 8088 + Zilog Z80 A
SPEED  4.81 MHz (8088) / 4 MHz (Z80)
RAM  64 KB (up to 896 KB)
ROM  24 KB (includes self-diagnostics)
TEXT MODES  40 x 24 / 80 x 24 / 132 x 24
GRAPHIC MODES  320 x 200 / 640 x 200 / 800 x 240
COLORS  16 among 4096 (optional)
SOUND  Beeper
SIZE / WEIGHT  48.3 (W) x 36.3 (D) x 16.5 (H) cm (system unit)
I/O PORTS  2 x RS-232, keyboard, monitor
BUILT IN MEDIA  Two 400 KB 5.25'' disk-drives
OS  MS DOS + CP/M (+ CP/M 86 - Prologue )
POWER SUPPLY  Built-in switching power supply unit
PERIPHERALS  3 expansion slots
PRICE  £2300 (U.K., 1984)

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