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E > ENGLISH ELECTRIC CO. > DEUCE   


ENGLISH ELECTRIC CO.
DEUCE

The DEUCE (Digital Electronic Universal Computing Engine) was an early British Computer manufactured by the English Electric Company in the 50s from designs used by the UK's National Physical Laboratory (N.P.L.) for the ACE Pilot Model (Automatic Computing Engine).

Physically, the DEUCE consisted of a cabinet, roughly 10' x 8' x 6', which housed all the circuitry needed and had the console at one end. Still no transistors or printed circuit boards, it contained hundreds of thermionic valves in lines of six foot tall racks of circuitry.

There were two kinds of storage. The high speed store consisted of mercury delay lines and held 402 words in all. There were 12 long delay lines holding 32 words each and some short lines, known as temporary stores, which held one, two and four words. The time taken for the contents of one delay line to circulate was called a 'major cycle', the time of one word was a 'minor cycle'. There were 32 minor cycles in one major cycle. The words were all of the same length, 32 binary digits (about 10 decimal digits).
Words were stored in the delay lines as a succession of pulses of 1µ sec duration. A minor cycle was therefore 32 µsec and a major cycle was 1O24 µsec, or just over 1 m.sec. All operations were performed in the high speed store.

The secondary storage was a magnetic drum which holds 8192 words, disposed in 256 tracks of 32 words each. The drum itself was a rapidly rotating cylinder coated with magnetic material. There were 'reading heads' and 'writing heads', to transfer information to and from the high speed store. A whole track was transferred with one instruction. Access to the drum was much slower than to the high speed store.

Input and output were by means of conventional punched card equipment. Cards might be read at a rate of 200 per minute and punched at 100 cards per minute. 64 columns of a card were used by DEUCE, which means that 24 words punched in binary can be read from one card.

The console, at the front of the machine, had a bewildering array of keys and lights and two cathode ray monitor tubes. These tubes displayed the contents of the temporary stores and any selected long delay line.

Between 1953 and 1964, 33 machines were sold worldwide to various research and development establishments.

All this information is courtesy of the DEUCE web site which provides lots of original information, photos and testimonies about the DEUCE computer.

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Apparently this was a smaller version of Alan Turing''s ACE because his colleagues thought that the ACE was too ambitious so they built the Pilot Model ACE which ended up becoming the DEUCE

          
Friday 9th June 2017
Karma

The DEUCE output drive had 32 6CH power pentodes in a box...just right for heating sausage rolls. A visiting "royal" ,searching for a comment and enjoyjng an aroma suggested we were cooking the results''

          
Wednesday 16th June 2010
william lindsay (uk)

BRISTOL SIDDELEY ENGINES - PATCHWAY - Nr BRISTOL - Was later Rolls Royce. See

http://www.users.tpg.com.au/eedeuce/people.html#S3

          
Wednesday 7th September 2005
John Barrett (Sydney Australia)

 

NAME  DEUCE
MANUFACTURER  English Electric Co.
TYPE  Professional Computer
ORIGIN  United Kingdom
YEAR  1955
END OF PRODUCTION  1964
BUILT IN LANGUAGE  None
KEYBOARD  32 Key Switches
CPU  1,450 Thermionic Valves
SPEED  1 Mhz clock - Serial Mode
CO-PROCESSOR  None
RAM  1.6 KB Acoustic Mercury Memory
ROM  None
TEXT MODES  2 X 6 inch monochrome CRT
SIZE / WEIGHT  14 ft (W) x 4 ft 6 in (D) x 6 ft 11 in (H) (92 sq. ft) / 2632 lbs - 1193.85 Kg
BUILT IN MEDIA  80 Column punch cards, 32 KB Magnetic Drum
OS  None
POWER SUPPLY  440 Volts 3 phase 50 Hertz AC - 9,000 Watts
+300V +200V +100V –100V –200V –300V DC - 6.3V AC @ 400 Amps
PERIPHERALS  12 extra delay line , paper tape I/O, magnetic tape
PRICE  50,000 UK Pounds


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