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K > KYOCERA > Kyotronic 85   

Kyotronic 85

The Kyotronics 85 may be considered the world's first true laptop computer.

It was designed and sold in Japan by Kyocera (Kyoto Ceramics). But curiously, apart from the Japanese market, it was little sold in the world despite its very innovative design.

On the other hand, three major computer firms noticed this little gem and licenced it. Shortly afterwards, one would see the same computer sold under three different names and case designs in every corner of the world. These machines were the NEC PC-8201, the Tandy Model 100 and the Olivetti M10.

Each brand added its own enhancement - arrow keys for the NEC, tilt display for the Olivetti, but the hardware basis was identical: an 8085 CPU, 8 to 32 KB of RAM, a full-size typewriter keyboard and an 8-line x 40-character LCD display.

Later, Tandy asked Kyocera to introduce changes and released the Tandy 102 (larger memory) then the Tandy 200 (larger display).

We need more info about this computer ! If you designed, used, or have more info about this system, please send us pictures or anything you might find useful.
NAME  Kyotronic 85
TYPE  Portable
YEAR  1983
KEYBOARD  Typewriter type, 72 keys with 16 function keys and 4 arrow keys
CPU  Intel 80C85 CMOS low power version
SPEED  2.4 MHz
RAM  8 to 32 KB
ROM  32 KB
TEXT MODES  40 columns x 8 lines
GRAPHIC MODES  240 x 64 dots
COLORS  Monochrome
SOUND  Beeper
SIZE / WEIGHT  28 (W) x 21.6 (D) x 5 (D) cm
I/O PORTS  Parallel printer, Tape recorder, Bar Code reader, Serial RS232, Phone, System bus
BUILT IN MEDIA  User RAM battery backup
POWER SUPPLY  6V DC adaptor or 4 x AA batteries
PERIPHERALS  Disk drive unit
PRICE  Unknown

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