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T > TANDY RADIO SHACK  > TRS 80 MODEL I   


Tandy Radio Shack
TRS 80 MODEL I

The Tandy TRS 80 model 1 was the first member of one of the most famous computer family. It was one of the first home computer and was launched at the same time as famous computers like the Apple II or the Commodore PET. Beside, Tandy competitors nicknamed was "Trash-80".

The TRS-80 was developed was developed within the Radio Shack engeneering group, based upon several processor chips, SC/MP, PACE, 8008, 8080 and finally the Z80.

It used a black & white TV set, made by RCA, without tuner as monitor. The earlier models use a poor basic called Basic Level 1 (the Basic and the OS fit in the 4 KB ROM!). It was replaced later with the Basic Level 2 which needed a 12 KB ROM.

To offset its poor characteristics, Tandy developed a device called Expansion Interface which brings a lot of new features : additional 16 or 32kb RAM, two tape unit connectors, a printer port, a floppy disk controller, a serial port and a real time clock.

Tandy did as well 5, 10 and 15 MB hard drives. The case for them is about the size of a small PC tower. It's possible to fit 2 drives into each case. They were compatible with all TRS-80 versions.

When it was connected to a floppy disk unit, the TRS-80 uses the TRS DOS operating system, it was pretty bugged and most of the TRS-80 users prefered NEW DOS, it was an operating system done by a third-party company called Apparat. This OS was the real TRS-80 operating system.

LS-DOS was also an excellent DOS, superior to NEW DOS for most users. Interestingly, Microsoft's MS-DOS became more and more like LS-DOS each time it was updated, although never as good. LS-DOS was finally adopted by Tandy as the official DOS for the Model 4.

Documentation for all the TRS machines was superb. Even Microsoft provided documentation for its BASIC interpreter listing all the machine calls. You could use these calls when programming with either machine code or BASIC.

The Model I was followed by the TRS 80 model II (a business computer) and model III which had almost the same characteristics as the model I.

_________

Contributors : Donald French, Paul D Moore



Special thanks to Marc Neiger who donated us this computer !

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1976 we develope CP/M OS with 64 Kilo Bytes, At Gnat computer: system 8 is a box robotic using to control Angelica industrial washing/drying sytems! It work like a champ! 2) system 10 personal computer (have picture on local papers .. But cánt post here! too bad! ) this was my design and development, as VP enginnering) after graduate at SDSU .. I still have a system Gnat/associate system 10, 128KB... any one have interests ? Later competitors were Osborne, Kaypro, IBM, TRS ... Now is is history! (I still have OS on disketts!) $.. Enjoy modern PC but forget not when they are born! ... LOL

          
Thursday 3rd August 2017
Homer Le (CA/USA)

I remember Christmas morning that we found the TRS 80 under the tree. I did my first computer graphics on it doing point graphing a few years later and even wrote my own game after a while.

I will have to ask my Dad what happened to it, its probably just in the attic somewhere next to an atari (what we really wanted that Christmas).

          
Friday 12th May 2017
Alan  (USA)
Cloud Ninjas

Hi there,

I''ve added a category in my iPad app to challenge your knowledge of vintage computers:

https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/the-legend-of-zhizz/id661108464?l$pt$ls$1$mt$8

Regards, Emerson

PS: thanks for this amazing website...lot of fond memories :)...and useful information $)

          
Saturday 24th August 2013
emerson
The Legend of Zhizz

 

NAME  TRS 80 MODEL I
MANUFACTURER  Tandy Radio Shack
TYPE  Home Computer
ORIGIN  U.S.A.
YEAR  1977
BUILT IN LANGUAGE  Basic Level 1 (4k ROM models)
Basic Level II (12k ROM models)
KEYBOARD  Full-stroke keyboard, 53 Keys, optional numeric keypad
CPU  Zilog Z80
SPEED  1.77 MHz
RAM  4 kb / 16 kb depending on models (up to 48 kb)
VRAM  1 kb
ROM  4 kb (Basic Level 1) or 12kb (Basic Level 2)
TEXT MODES  32 x 16, 64 x 16
GRAPHIC MODES  128 x 48
COLORS  monochrome
SOUND  None
I/O PORTS  Monitor, cassette interface, expansion port
OS  TRS DOS - NEW DOS
PRICE  #26-1003 : Model I, Level I, 16K = 700 (France,81)
#26-1004 : Model I, Level II, 4K = 640 r (France,81)
#26-1006 : Model I, Level II, 16K = $1099


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