Click Here to visit our Sponsor
The Latest News ! The History of Computing The Magazine Forums Collectors corner Have Fun there ! Buy books and goodies
  Click here to loginLogin Click here to print the pagePrinter ViewClick here to send a link to this page to a friendTell a FriendTell us what you think about this pageRate this PageMistake ? You have mr info ? Click here !Add Info     Search     Click here use the advanced search engine

RCA

SuperElf
Browse console museumBrowse pong museum









 

H.E.R.O. goodies !

see details
Horace is not dead goodies !

see details
Oric Atmos goodies !

see details
Space Invaders - Retro Gamer goodies !

see details
Camputers Lynx logo goodies !

see details
Amstrad CPC-464 goodies !

see details
Odyssey 2 / Videopac Select Game prompt goodies !

see details
www.old-computers.com logo goodies !

see details
Odyssey 2 / Videopac sprites goodies !

see details
MZ-700 goodies !

see details
1kb memory only...sorry goodies !

see details
Commodore 64 boot screen goodies !

see details
Back to the roots goodies !

see details
I love my Oric-1 goodies !

see details
Amiga Workbench goodies !

see details
MSX Retro Gamer goodies !

see details
READY prompt goodies !

see details
Commodore 64 goodies !

see details
Apple II goodies !

see details
ZX Spectrum goodies !

see details
Destroy all humanoids ! goodies !

see details
Space Invaders goodies !

see details
Pixel adventurer goodies !

see details
Atari ST bee icon goodies !

see details
Atari ST bomb icons goodies !

see details
Commodore VIC-20 goodies !

see details







A > AMSTRAD  > PCW 8256 / 8512     


Amstrad
PCW 8256 / 8512

The Amstrad PCW 8256 was a dedicated word processing computer (PCW stands for Personal Computer Wordprocessor). It was supplied with everything necessary, the word processor, printer and dedicated keyboard (with Cut, Copy, Paste and Print keys). This model had great success because it was the first word-processing system available for such a low price. Once again Amstrad used the same principles with this professional computer as it did with the CPC-464 on the home-computer market. Two years later, 700 000 PCW systems had been sold!

All the hardware was located in the monitor case, as well as the 3" floppy disk drive. An optional secondary disk drive could be added (360 kb/side). There was only one power cord used for the printer, monitor and keyboard - it couldn’t be simpler.

Actually, the PCW was odd in that it has NO ROM. The boot sequence was loaded into the main CPU from the printer control ASIC and only had enough smarts to load and run the first sector from the floppy drive.

The printer was an Amstrad matrix printer (90 cps in draft mode and 20 cps in letter-quality mode), but it was not possible to connect another printer to the PCW. To use another printer, optional RS232 or Centronics interfaces were available.

The system was supplied with a word processor (on disk) developed by Locomotive Software (the company who made the BASIC language for the Amstrad CPC series) called LocoScript. Dr. Logo and a Basic called Mallard Basic were also delivered on disks (fun fact: Mallard is the name of an old train engine). This Basic was powerful and offered a lot of file-management capabilities. The Amstrad PCW-8256 was also delivered with CP/M+.

Locoscript was powerful but somewhat austere. You had to read 700 pages of documentation in order to master it. It used 154 Kb RAM, and the remaining 102 Kb could be used as a virtual disk. Each floppy disk, called a volume, could be divided in up to 8 sub-volumes. A particular page layout could be assigned to each of these sub-volumes. The system displayed text in an odd but useful 90 x 32 resolution. Of course as it was text-based software, you could not see exactly what would be printed (no WYSIWYG here). Another drawback was that it was not possible to link a document with an address book or a database, to generate multiple documents (this was to be corrected with LocoMail, LocoFile and LocoScript 2 a few years later). The 320k disks stored up to 90 pages of 2000 characters.

In Germany, the PCW series was called Joyce

Another PCW model was launched a few months later: the Amstrad PCW 8512. It has the same characteristics apart from having 512 Kb RAM to handle bigger documents, and two 3" floppy disk drives. The top one is a single-sided, 40-track (180 Kbyte) drive, the bottom is a double-sided, 80-track (720 Kbyte) drive. 40-track disks could be read in the 80-track drive, but it's not advisable to write to them there because the 80-track drive has a narrower head. It had slightly darker plastic mouldings than the PCW-8256, grey instead of white. It was followed by the Amstrad PCW 9512.

The PCW systems were still used in 2000 by some people and a lot of CP/M software is still available.

__________

Contributors: Andrew Ball, Allan Stirling



ShareThis


 

I have about twenty CF2 discs. One is a Locoscript 2 disc. Free to a good home if you pay the P$P

          
Sunday 1st September 2013
Stephen Tweed (UK, England)

I have a amstrad 8512 in good working order with all parts, computer key board printer 3 inch disc programs printer tapes book every thing for sale
regards lester

          
Wednesday 7th August 2013
lester (western australia)
lester

Update: In time of my last posting, i have back my original PCW 8256 the person that had it, all those years died :( , only needed to repair the drive belt, and working like new. - Now i have my original Schneider PCW Joyce 8256, a spanish Amstrad PCW 8256, Schneider PCW Joyce 8512, Amstrad PCW 8512 (upgraded 8256 and upgrade 3,5 inch drive), another Amstrad 8256 for daily use, and one Amstrad 8256 for spare parts. and before i forget also Amstrad PCW 9512 with Daisy Wheel Printer, and 7 Matrix Printers.

In 2 years time, i expanded my collection PCW Software boxed, from Desktop Publishers, a lot of Games, and many other tools, also extra hardware like, Memory upgrades to 1,5 MB ! for a PCW, and Mouse and handheld scanner... Books..

To Andy it was not all horrible, as kid it was hard to find in belgium PCW software and hardware, and its nice to see all these things working today days.

The PCW made me start my Retro Computer Collection, now i have around 67 Computers, 12 connected for direct use. Apple, Amstrad, Schneider, Commodore, Epson, Sharp,..

From all my computers, even today the PCW is my favorite.

          
Monday 18th February 2013
Manu (Belgium) (Ostend/Belgium)
kolva

 

NAME  PCW 8256 / 8512
MANUFACTURER  Amstrad
TYPE  Professional Computer
ORIGIN  United Kingdom
YEAR  September 1985
BUILT IN LANGUAGE  Mallard Basic
KEYBOARD  Mechanical keyboard with numeric keypad end special edit keys (COPY,CUT,PASTE,PRINT,etc.). 8 function keys.
CPU  Zilog Z80 A
SPEED  The CPU is running at 4 MHz, but is slowed down by the internal clock to 3,4 Mhz
CO-PROCESSOR  Video : Amstrad ASIC custom chip
DD controler : NEC 765
RAM  256 KB (16 banks of 16 kb each)
TEXT MODES  90 x 32
GRAPHIC MODES  720 x 256 (PAL), 720 x 200 (NTSC)
COLOrsc  monochrome (black & green)
SOUND  Beeper, 1 channel
I/O PORTS  Z80 Bus, Parallel
BUILT IN MEDIA  1 Hitachi 3'' disk-drive (160 kb/side)
OS  CP/M, CP/M+
POWER SUPPLY  PSU built-in
PERIPHERALS  Printer, parallel/Centronics interface
PRICE  1065 (september 85)

  
 

My doctor has still got one of these, but doesn't want to leave it to me ! :(

 
  




Google
 
Web www.old-computersc.com


 

More Info
More pictures
Adverts
Hardware Info
Software & screenshots
Emulators
Internet Links
Documentations
Mini-Forum

Click here to go to the top of the page   
Contact us | members | about old-computers.com | donate old-systems | FAQ
OLD-COMPUTERS.COM is hosted by - NYI (New York Internet) -